Mineralogical, Rock-Magnetic and Palaeomagnetic Properties of Metadolerites from Central Western Svalbard
AbstractA combination of mineralogical, rock-magnetic and palaeomagnetic methods were employed in an attempt to shed a new light on the tectonism and paleogeography of Central Western Svalbard. The focus is on six metadolerite sites from the metamorphic Proterozoic–Lower Palaeozoic complex of south-western Oscar II Land (Western Spitsbergen). The primary mineral compositions of the metadolerites were strongly remineralized during Caledonian (sensu lato) greenschist-facies metamorphism although some younger tectonothermal modification is also apparent from the rock-magnetic studies. Rock-magnetic experiments supported by thin-section mineral identification and separation of Fe-containing fractions indicate that the main ferromagnetic carriers of the Natural Remanent Magnetization are represented by low-coercivity pyrrhotite and magnetite/maghemite. The investigated metadolerites are characterized by complex pattern of magnetization. The low-temperature palaeomagnetic components which demagnetized up to 250 °C, are characterized by high inclinations (~70–80°) potentially representing Mesozoic–Cenozoic remagnetization. The most stable middle-high temperature directions which demagnetized from 250 °C, were obtained from only two of six sites. Two Virtual Geomagnetic Poles calculated from two of the middle-high temperature site means do not correlate with the Laurussia reference path for syn- to post-Caledonian time. Two possible explanations of observed inconsistency are discussed. These are a modification of the Oscar II Land Caledonian basement geometry by listric faulting and/or tectonic rotations related to Daudmannsdalen–Protectorbreen high-strain (shear) zone. The results presented here suggest that post-Caledonian tectonic modification of the palaeomagnetic directions may be more a widespread feature of Western Svalbard. View Full-Text
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Burzyński, M.; Michalski, K.; Manby, G.; Nejbert, K. Mineralogical, Rock-Magnetic and Palaeomagnetic Properties of Metadolerites from Central Western Svalbard. Minerals 2018, 8, 279.
Burzyński M, Michalski K, Manby G, Nejbert K. Mineralogical, Rock-Magnetic and Palaeomagnetic Properties of Metadolerites from Central Western Svalbard. Minerals. 2018; 8(7):279.Chicago/Turabian Style
Burzyński, Mariusz; Michalski, Krzysztof; Manby, Geoffrey; Nejbert, Krzysztof. 2018. "Mineralogical, Rock-Magnetic and Palaeomagnetic Properties of Metadolerites from Central Western Svalbard." Minerals 8, no. 7: 279.
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