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Minerals 2018, 8(5), 210; https://doi.org/10.3390/min8050210

Si-Disordering in MgAl2O4-Spinel under High P-T Conditions, with Implications for Si-Mg Disorder in Mg2SiO4-Ringwoodite

1
School of Earth and Space Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
2
Key Laboratory of Orogenic Belts and Crustal Evolution, Ministry of Education of China, Beijing 100871, China
3
Institute of Fluid Physics, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 659000, China
4
School of Gemmology, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China
5
Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, DC 20015, USA
6
Beijing Key Lab of Theory and Technology for Advanced Battery Materials, Department of Material Science and Engineering, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 April 2018 / Revised: 8 May 2018 / Accepted: 8 May 2018 / Published: 12 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Spinel Group Minerals)
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Abstract

A series of Si-bearing MgAl2O4-spinels were synthesized at 1500–1650 °C and 3–6 GPa. These spinels had SiO2 contents of up to ~1.03 wt % and showed a substitution mechanism of Si4+ + Mg2+ = 2Al3+. Unpolarized Raman spectra were collected from polished single grains, and displayed a set of well-defined Raman peaks at ~610, 823, 856 and 968 cm−1 that had not been observed before. Aided by the Raman features of natural Si-free MgAl2O4-spinel, synthetic Si-free MgAl2O4-spinel, natural low quartz, synthetic coesite, synthetic stishovite and synthetic forsterite, we infer that these Raman peaks should belong to the SiO4 groups. The relations between the Raman intensities and SiO2 contents of the Si-bearing MgAl2O4-spinels suggest that under some P-T conditions, some Si must adopt the M-site. Unlike the SiO4 groups with very intense Raman signals, the SiO6 groups are largely Raman-inactive. We further found that the Si cations primarily appear on the T-site at P-T conditions ≤~3–4 GPa and 1500 °C, but attain a random distribution between the T-site and M-site at P-T conditions ≥~5–6 GPa and 1630–1650 °C. This Si-disordering process observed for the Si-bearing MgAl2O4-spinels suggests that similar Si-disordering might happen to the (Mg,Fe)2SiO4-spinels (ringwoodite), the major phase in the lower part of the mantle transition zone of the Earth and the benchmark mineral for the very strong shock stage experienced by extraterrestrial materials. The likely consequences have been explored. View Full-Text
Keywords: 4-coordinated Si; 6-coordinated Si; MgAl2O4-spinel; Mg2SiO4-ringwoodite; Raman spectroscopy; Si-disordering 4-coordinated Si; 6-coordinated Si; MgAl2O4-spinel; Mg2SiO4-ringwoodite; Raman spectroscopy; Si-disordering
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Liu, L.; Liu, X.; Bao, X.; He, Q.; Yan, W.; Ma, Y.; He, M.; Tao, R.; Zou, R. Si-Disordering in MgAl2O4-Spinel under High P-T Conditions, with Implications for Si-Mg Disorder in Mg2SiO4-Ringwoodite. Minerals 2018, 8, 210.

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