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Minerals 2017, 7(4), 47; https://doi.org/10.3390/min7040047

A New Procedure for Deep Sea Mining Tailings Disposal

1
Department of Maritime & Transport Technology, Delft University of Technology, 2628 CD Delft, The Netherlands
2
School of Aviation, Faculty of Science, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Glen Corder
Received: 3 February 2017 / Revised: 13 March 2017 / Accepted: 18 March 2017 / Published: 23 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Minerals in Mine Wastes: Contributions to the Circular Economy)
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Abstract

Deep sea mining tailings disposal is a new environmental challenge related to water pollution, mineral crust waste handling, and ocean biology. The objective of this paper is to propose a new tailings disposal procedure for the deep sea mining industry. Through comparisons of the tailings disposal methods which exist in on-land mining and the coastal mining fields, a new tailings disposal procedure, i.e., the submarine–backfill–dam–reuse (SBDR) tailings disposal procedure, is proposed. It combines deep sea submarine tailings disposal, backfill disposal, tailings dam disposal, and tailings reuse disposal for the deep sea mining industry. Then, the analytic network process (ANP) method is utilized to evaluate the performances of different tailings disposal methods. The evaluation results of the ANP show that the new proposed tailings disposal procedure is the most suitable for the deep sea mining industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: analytic network process (ANP); deep sea mining; environmental challenge; SBDR tailings disposal procedure; waste handling analytic network process (ANP); deep sea mining; environmental challenge; SBDR tailings disposal procedure; waste handling
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Ma, W.; Schott, D.; Lodewijks, G. A New Procedure for Deep Sea Mining Tailings Disposal. Minerals 2017, 7, 47.

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