Characterization of a Fine-Grained Interstratification of Turbostratic Talc and Saponite
AbstractInterstratifications of talc and trioctahedral smectites from different provenances are used as indicators for geological environments and for geotechnical and technical applications. However, comprehensive layer characterization of these interstratifications is rare. Sample EX M 1694, a clay with red-beige appearance from the Madrid basin was studied by X-ray diffraction analysis, X-ray fluorescence analysis, Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy, simultaneous thermal analysis, gas adsorption measurements, cation exchange capacity, and environmental scanning electron microscopy. More than 95% of particles in EX M 1964 belong to the clay fraction <2 µm. It contains 75% interstratification of 30% turbostratic talc, and 70% saponite type III and 25% turbostratic talc. The turbostratic talc(0.3)/saponite interstratification is characterized by a low number of layers per stack (3), small lateral dimension of layers (60–80 nm) and, accordingly, a high specific surface area (283 m2/g) with nearly equal surface area of micro- and mesopores. Thus, the studied material can be used as mined for adsorption, in contrast to acid-treated clays that produce hazardous waste during production. Low particle size of the interstratification drastically reduced thermal stability and dehydroxylation was superimposed by recrystallization of high temperature phases already at 816 °C, which is low for trioctahedral 2:1 layer minerals. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Steudel, A.; Friedrich, F.; Schuhmann, R.; Ruf, F.; Sohling, U.; Emmerich, K. Characterization of a Fine-Grained Interstratification of Turbostratic Talc and Saponite. Minerals 2017, 7, 5.
Steudel A, Friedrich F, Schuhmann R, Ruf F, Sohling U, Emmerich K. Characterization of a Fine-Grained Interstratification of Turbostratic Talc and Saponite. Minerals. 2017; 7(1):5.Chicago/Turabian Style
Steudel, Annett; Friedrich, Frank; Schuhmann, Rainer; Ruf, Friedrich; Sohling, Ulrich; Emmerich, Katja. 2017. "Characterization of a Fine-Grained Interstratification of Turbostratic Talc and Saponite." Minerals 7, no. 1: 5.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.