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Minerals 2016, 6(4), 125; doi:10.3390/min6040125

Paleozoic–Mesozoic Porphyry Cu(Mo) and Mo(Cu) Deposits within the Southern Margin of the Siberian Craton: Geochemistry, Geochronology, and Petrogenesis (a Review)

V.S. Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian Branch of the RAS, Koptyug Ave. 3, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia
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Academic Editor: Maria Economou-Eliopoulos
Received: 31 July 2016 / Revised: 19 November 2016 / Accepted: 21 November 2016 / Published: 29 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mineral Deposit Genesis and Exploration)
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Abstract

The southern margin of the Siberian craton hosts numerous Cu(Mo) and Mo(Cu) porphyry deposits. This review provides the first comprehensive set of geological characteristics, geochronological data, petrochemistry, and Sr–Nd isotopic data of representative porphyry Cu(Mo) and Mo(Cu) deposits within the southern margin of the Siberian craton and discusses the igneous processes that controlled the evolution of these magmatic systems related to mineralization. Geochronological data show that these porphyry deposits have an eastward-younging trend evolving from the Early Paleozoic to Middle Mesozoic. The western part of the area (Altay-Sayan segment) hosts porphyry Cu and Mo–Cu deposits that generally formed in the Early Paleozoic time, whereas porphyry Cu–Mo deposits in the central part (Northern Mongolia) formed in the Late Paleozoic–Early Mesozoic. The geodynamic setting of the region during these mineralizing events is consistent with Early Paleozoic subduction of Paleo-Asian Ocean plate with the continuous accretion of oceanic components to the Siberian continent and Late Paleozoic–Early Mesozoic subduction of the west gulf of the Mongol–Okhotsk Ocean under the Siberian continent. The eastern part of the study area (Eastern Transbaikalia) hosts molybdenum-dominated Mo and Mo–Cu porphyry deposits that formed in the Jurassic. The regional geodynamic setting during this mineralizing process is related to the collision of the Siberian and North China–Mongolia continents during the closure of the central part of the Mongol–Okhotsk Ocean in the Jurassic. Available isotopic data show that the magmas related to porphyritic Cu–Mo and Mo–Cu mineralization during the Early Paleozoic and Late Paleozoic–Early Mesozoic were mainly derived from mantle materials. The generation of fertile melts, related to porphyritic Mo and Mo–Cu mineralization during the Jurassic involved variable amounts of metasomatized mantle source component, the ancient Precambrian crust, and the juvenile crust, contributed by mantle-derived magmatic underplating. View Full-Text
Keywords: porphyry Cu–Mo and Mo–Cu deposits; petrogenesis; magma sources; Siberia; Mongolia porphyry Cu–Mo and Mo–Cu deposits; petrogenesis; magma sources; Siberia; Mongolia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Berzina, A.N.; Berzina, A.P.; Gimon, V.O. Paleozoic–Mesozoic Porphyry Cu(Mo) and Mo(Cu) Deposits within the Southern Margin of the Siberian Craton: Geochemistry, Geochronology, and Petrogenesis (a Review). Minerals 2016, 6, 125.

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