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Minerals 2016, 6(4), 109; doi:10.3390/min6040109

Recovering Y and Eu from Waste Phosphors Using Chlorination Roasting—Water Leaching Process

1
School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China
2
School of Chemistry and Life Science, Hubei University of Education, Wuhan 430205, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Massimiliano Zanin
Received: 8 July 2016 / Revised: 11 October 2016 / Accepted: 13 October 2016 / Published: 19 October 2016
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Abstract

Recovering Y and Eu from waste phosphors using chlorination roasting followed by a water leaching process was investigated in this study. Firstly, by chlorination roasting and water leaching, Y and Eu elements present in waste phosphors were efficiently extracted into a leach solution. Secondly, the majority of the impurities in the solution can be removed by adjusting the pH to 4.5 using a Na2S and NH3·H2O solution. Thirdly, the rare earths can be precipitated afterwards by adding a H2C2O4 solution and adjusting the pH to 2.0. Then rare earth oxides (REOs) can be obtained after calcining at 800 °C for 1 h. The characterization study of the waste phosphors and the rare earth oxide products was performed by XRD, XRF, and SEM-EDS analysis to determine the phase and morphological features. Influences of the factors, such as roasting temperatures and time, the addition of ammonium chloride on the roasting of waste phosphors, as well as the pH and the amount of oxalates on the precipitation of Y and Eu, were investigated. The maximum grade (99.84%) of mixed rare earth oxides and recovery rate (87.35%) of Y and Eu were obtained at the optimized conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: waste phosphors; chlorination roasting; water leaching; rare earth elements; recycling waste phosphors; chlorination roasting; water leaching; rare earth elements; recycling
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Yu, M.; Pang, S.; Mei, G.; Chen, X. Recovering Y and Eu from Waste Phosphors Using Chlorination Roasting—Water Leaching Process. Minerals 2016, 6, 109.

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