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Minerals 2016, 6(3), 97; doi:10.3390/min6030097

Synthesis of Novel Ether Thionocarbamates and Study on Their Flotation Performance for Chalcopyrite

College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
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Academic Editor: Kostas A. Matis
Received: 26 July 2016 / Revised: 30 August 2016 / Accepted: 6 September 2016 / Published: 21 September 2016
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Abstract

Novel ether thionocarbamates, O-butoxy isopropyl-N-ethoxycarbonyl thionocarbamate (BIPECTC) and O-(2-butoxy-1-methylethoxy) isopropyl-N-ethoxycarbonyl thionocarbamate (BMIPECTC), were synthesized in this study. Their collecting efficiencies in the flotation of chalcopyrite were investigated using flotation tests, adsorption measurements, ultraviolet spectra (UV) and Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The synthesized ether thionocarbamates showed better frothing properties than methyl-isobutyl-carbinol (MIBC) and stronger affinity to chalcopyrite compared with O-isopropyl-N-ethyl thionocarbamate (IPETC) and O-isobutyl-N-ethoxycarbonyl thionocarbamate (IBECTC). UV spectra analysis showed that the ether thionocarbamates react with Cu2+, with the exception of Fe2+, Ni2+, Zn2+ and Pb2+. Additionally, it was further confirmed by FTIR spectra that a chemical reaction occurs between copper ion and BIPECTC and BMIPECTC. The adsorption capacity measurements revealed that chalcopyrite exhibits good adsorption ability for ether thionocarbamates at an approximate pH of 8–10, which agrees with the flotation tests. The quantum chemistry calculation results indicated that the ether thionocarbamates exhibit stronger collecting ability for copper mineral in terms of frontier molecular orbital analysis, binding model simulation with copper ions and the molecular hydrophobicity compared with IPETC and IBECTC. The computational results are in very good agreement with the experimental results. View Full-Text
Keywords: ether thionocarbamate; synthesis; flotation; chalcopyrite; DFT ether thionocarbamate; synthesis; flotation; chalcopyrite; DFT
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Zhao, G.; Peng, J.; Zhong, H.; Wang, S.; Liu, G. Synthesis of Novel Ether Thionocarbamates and Study on Their Flotation Performance for Chalcopyrite. Minerals 2016, 6, 97.

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