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Minerals 2016, 6(3), 58; https://doi.org/10.3390/min6030058

Mineralogical and Geochemical Characteristics of the Early Permian Upper No. 3 Coal from Southwestern Shandong, China

1
State Key laboratory of Coal Resources and Safety Mining, China University of Mining and Technology, Beijing 100083, China
2
Jiangsu Institute of Architectural Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Daniel M. Deocampo
Received: 18 April 2016 / Revised: 22 May 2016 / Accepted: 16 June 2016 / Published: 23 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Minerals in Coal)
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Abstract

The Upper No. 3 coal of the Early Permian age is a major workable seam in the southwestern Shandong coalfield, which is located in the eastern part of North China. From Early Jurassic to Neogene, the coalfield was subjected to intensive tectonic processes, leading to a significant rearrangement in depth of coal seams. In this paper, three Upper No. 3 coals occurring at −228, −670 and −938 m in the Luxi, Liangbaosi, and Tangkou mines, respectively, were collected to investigate their mineralogical and geochemical characteristics, with emphasis on modes of occurrence and origin of epigenetic minerals. The three coal seams are similar in vitrinite reflectance, volatile matter yield, and maceral components, suggesting insignificant influence from the tectonic activities on coal rank. Terrigenous minerals (e.g., kaolinite and quartz) are comparable in both types and distribution patterns in the three coals. The presence of siderite and pyrite of syngenetic or penecontemporaneous origin indicate they were emplaced during peat accumulation. The distribution of epigenetic minerals (e.g., calcite, ankerite, and dolomite) are associated with the underground water activities, which were Ca (Mg, Fe)-bearing. View Full-Text
Keywords: coal; tectonic processes; minerals; elements; Early Permian coal; tectonic processes; minerals; elements; Early Permian
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Wang, X.; Zhang, L.; Jiang, Y.; Wei, J.; Chen, Z. Mineralogical and Geochemical Characteristics of the Early Permian Upper No. 3 Coal from Southwestern Shandong, China. Minerals 2016, 6, 58.

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