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Minerals 2016, 6(1), 8; doi:10.3390/min6010008

Ciriottiite, Cu(Cu,Ag)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As2)S56, the Cu-Analogue of Sterryite from the Tavagnasco Mining District, Piedmont, Italy

1
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Via G. La Pira 4, I-50121 Firenze, Italy
2
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Pisa, Via Santa Maria 53, I-56126 Pisa, Italy
3
Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Via Gioconda 3, I-26100 Cremona, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Federica Zaccarini
Received: 29 December 2015 / Revised: 27 January 2016 / Accepted: 28 January 2016 / Published: 1 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Research on Accessory Minerals)
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Abstract

The new mineral species ciriottiite, ideally Cu(Cu,Ag)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As2)S56 has been discovered in the Tavagnasco mining district, Piedmont, Italy, as very rare black metallic tubular crystals, up to 150 μm in length, associated with Bi sulfosalts and arsenopyrite. Its Vickers hardness (VHN10) is 203 kg/mm2 (range 190–219). In reflected light, ciriottiite is light grey in color, distinctly anisotropic with brownish to greenish rotation tints. Internal reflections are absent. Reflectance values for the four COM wavelengths (Rmin, Rmax (%) (λ in nm)) are: 33.2, 37.8 (471.1); 31.8, 35.3 (548.3), 31.0, 34.7 (586.6); and 27.9, 32.5 (652.3). Electron microprobe analysis gave (in wt %, average of 5 spot analyses): Cu 2.33 (8), Ag 0.53 (5), Hg 0.98 (6), Tl 0.78 (3), Pb 44.06 (14), As 4.66 (7), Sb 23.90 (10), Bi 1.75 (7), total 99.38 (26). On the basis of 56 S atoms per formula unit, the chemical formula of ciriottiite is Cu3.23(11)Ag0.43(4)Hg0.43(2)Pb18.74(9)Tl0.34(1)Sb17.30(5)As5.48(10)Bi0.74(3)S56. The main diffraction lines, corresponding to multiple hkl indices, are (d in Å (relative visual intensity)): 4.09 (m), 3.91 (m), 3.63 (vs), 3.57 (m), 3.22 (m), 2.80 (mw), 2.07 (s). The crystal structure study revealed ciriottiite to be monoclinic, space group P21/n, with unit-cell parameters a = 8.178 (2), b = 28.223 (6), c = 42.452 (5) Å, β = 93.55 (2)°, V = 9779.5 (5) Å3, Z = 4. The crystal structure was refined to a final R1 = 0.118 for 21304 observed reflections. Ciriottiite is the Cu analogue of sterryite and can be described as an expanded derivative of owyheeite. The name ciriottiite honors Marco Ernesto Ciriotti (b. 1945) for his longstanding contribution to mineral systematics. View Full-Text
Keywords: ciriottiite; owyheeite derivative; lead; copper; antimony; arsenic; Tavagnasco; Piedmont; Italy ciriottiite; owyheeite derivative; lead; copper; antimony; arsenic; Tavagnasco; Piedmont; Italy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bindi, L.; Biagioni, C.; Martini, B.; Salvetti, A. Ciriottiite, Cu(Cu,Ag)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As2)S56, the Cu-Analogue of Sterryite from the Tavagnasco Mining District, Piedmont, Italy. Minerals 2016, 6, 8.

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