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Minerals 2014, 4(1), 130-144; doi:10.3390/min4010130
Article

Helium Production and Possible Projection

1,*  and 2
1 Institute for Sustainable Futures, University of Technology, Sydney, UTS Building 10, 235 Jones St., Ultimo, NSW 2007, Australia 2 Engineering and the Environment, University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes Campus, Mawson Lakes Boulevard, Mawson Lakes, SA 5095, Australia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 November 2013 / Revised: 24 February 2014 / Accepted: 28 February 2014 / Published: 5 March 2014
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Abstract

The future availability of helium has been raised as an issue in the literature. However, a disaggregated projection of helium production has not been attempted, presumably due to the difficult nature of accessing disaggregated historic production data to test the accuracy of this issue. This paper presents collated and estimated historic helium production statistics from 1921 to 2012 for each helium producing country in the world and by U.S. state. A high and regular growth projection of helium has been created. It is found that helium resources are sufficient for the near future, with the projected production plateauing in 2060–2075 and 2090–2100 for the high and regular growth scenarios, respectively. As long as natural gas deposits with helium are appropriately managed, there is little likelihood for helium shortages to occur in the short term due to geologic constraints.
Keywords: helium; historic production; future projection helium; historic production; future projection
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Mohr, S.; Ward, J. Helium Production and Possible Projection. Minerals 2014, 4, 130-144.

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