Minerals 2012, 2(4), 473-492; doi:10.3390/min2040473
Article

Effect of Sludge Amendment on Remediation of Metal Contaminated Soils

Department of Fluid Mechanics, Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), Colón, 7, 08222 Terrassa, Barcelona, Spain
Received: 24 October 2012; in revised form: 16 November 2012 / Accepted: 20 November 2012 / Published: 28 November 2012
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Abstract: Column-leaching and pilot-scale experiments were conducted to evaluate the use of biosolids (sewage sludges) to control the mobilization of metals from contaminated soils with smelting slags. The pilot-scale experiments using amended soils showed that Cu, Pb and Sb were retained, decreasing their concentrations from 250 mg/L, 80 mg/L and 6 mg/L, respectively in the leachates of contaminated soils, to <20 mg/L, 40 mg/L and 4 mg/L, respectively, in the amended material. Hydrogeochemical modeling of the leachates using Minteq revealed that the degree of complexation of Cu rose 56.3% and 57.6% in leachates of amended soils. Moreover, Cu may be immobilized by biosolids, possibly via adsorption by oxyhydroxides of Fe or sorption by organic matter. The partial retention of Pb coincides with the possible precipitation of chloropyromorphite, which is the most stable mineral phase in the pH-Eh conditions of the leachates from the amended material. The retention of Sb may be associated with the precipitation of Sb2O3, which is the most stable mineral phase in the experimental conditions. The organic amendments used in this study increased some metal and metalloid concentrations in the leachates (Fe, Mn, Ni, As and Se), which suggests that the organic amendments could be used with caution to remediate metal contaminated areas.
Keywords: contaminated soil; leachates; biosolids; metals

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MDPI and ACS Style

Navarro, A. Effect of Sludge Amendment on Remediation of Metal Contaminated Soils. Minerals 2012, 2, 473-492.

AMA Style

Navarro A. Effect of Sludge Amendment on Remediation of Metal Contaminated Soils. Minerals. 2012; 2(4):473-492.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Navarro, Andrés. 2012. "Effect of Sludge Amendment on Remediation of Metal Contaminated Soils." Minerals 2, no. 4: 473-492.

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