Modulation of BCR Signaling by the Induced Dimerization of Receptor-Associated SYK
AbstractClustering of the B cell antigen receptor (BCR) by polyvalent antigens is transmitted through the SYK tyrosine kinase to the activation of multiple intracellular pathways that determine the physiological consequences of receptor engagement. To explore factors that modulate the quantity and quality of signals sent by the crosslinked BCR, we developed a novel chemical mediator of dimerization to induce clustering of receptor-associated SYK. To accomplish this, we fused SYK with E. coli dihydrofolate reductase (eDHFR), which binds the small molecule trimethoprim (TMP) with high affinity and selectivity and synthesized a dimer of TMP with a flexible linker. The TMP dimer is able to induce the aggregation of eDHFR-linked SYK in live cells. The induced dimerization of SYK bound to the BCR differentially regulates the activation of downstream transcription factors, promoting the activation of Nuclear Factor of Activated T cells (NFAT) without affecting the activation of NFκB. The dimerization of SYK enhances the duration but not the amplitude of calcium mobilization by enhancing the extent and duration of its interaction with the crosslinked BCR at the plasma membrane. View Full-Text
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Westbroek, M.L.; Geahlen, R.L. Modulation of BCR Signaling by the Induced Dimerization of Receptor-Associated SYK. Antibodies 2017, 6, 23.
Westbroek ML, Geahlen RL. Modulation of BCR Signaling by the Induced Dimerization of Receptor-Associated SYK. Antibodies. 2017; 6(4):23.Chicago/Turabian Style
Westbroek, Mark L.; Geahlen, Robert L. 2017. "Modulation of BCR Signaling by the Induced Dimerization of Receptor-Associated SYK." Antibodies 6, no. 4: 23.
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