Next Article in Journal
Global Hotspots of Conflict Risk between Food Security and Biodiversity Conservation
Next Article in Special Issue
Investigating the Diversity and Variability of Eastern Mediterranean Landscapes
Previous Article in Journal
Vegetation in Drylands: Effects on Wind Flow and Aeolian Sediment Transport
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Influence of Geology on Landscape Typology in Jordan: Theoretical Understanding and Planning Implications
Article Menu
Issue 3 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Land 2017, 6(3), 65; doi:10.3390/land6030065

Using Historical Maps within a GIS to Analyze Two Centuries of Rural Landscape Changes in Southern Italy

SAFE School of Agricultural, Forest, Food and Environmental Sciences, University of Basilicata, Viale Ateneo Lucano, 10, 85100 Potenza, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 July 2017 / Revised: 9 September 2017 / Accepted: 11 September 2017 / Published: 19 September 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [14407 KB, uploaded 19 September 2017]   |  

Abstract

The current characteristics of a rural landscape may be better understood if suitable information related to its past is available. The availability of a Geographical Information System (GIS) can enable the analysis of landscape features in relation to several aspects, e.g., the evolution and mutual inter-relation among different ecosystems, the impact and sustainability of human activities, the visual characteristics of a landscape, etc. The analysis of geographical information, derived from historical maps, within a GIS could, therefore, prove to be a very powerful tool, for a better-informed decision-making and management of a rural landscape. With the aim to identify the land use changes in a rural area located in the Basilicata Region (Southern Italy), a territorial analysis was conducted through a GIS, in which data taken from historical maps—covering a period of 184 years, from 1829 to 2013—were implemented. Three-dimensional reconstruction of the rural landscape during different periods were obtained through digital terrain models (DTM). The land cover changes were also evaluated, demonstrating how they have affected the quality of the forest ecosystem in the area. The final results that were obtained comparing historical documents and current maps enabled the evaluation of the multi-temporal, morphological, and vegetation variations in this rural landscape. The analysis that was conducted has great potential for assessing and monitoring landscape diversity and typical changes of vegetation, even in different geographical locations, where appropriate interventions in landscape structures may be so planned. View Full-Text
Keywords: geographical information system; historical maps; landscape changes; rural land geographical information system; historical maps; landscape changes; rural land
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Statuto, D.; Cillis, G.; Picuno, P. Using Historical Maps within a GIS to Analyze Two Centuries of Rural Landscape Changes in Southern Italy. Land 2017, 6, 65.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Land EISSN 2073-445X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top