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Land 2017, 6(4), 67; doi:10.3390/land6040067

Global Hotspots of Conflict Risk between Food Security and Biodiversity Conservation

1
Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Aberdeen, 23 St Machar Drive, Aberdeen, AB24 3UU, UK
2
Department of Geography, King’s College London, Strand, London WC2R 2LS, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 May 2017 / Revised: 13 September 2017 / Accepted: 30 September 2017 / Published: 4 October 2017
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Abstract

The global challenges of food security and biodiversity are rarely addressed together, though recently there has been an increasing awareness that the two issues are closely related. The majority of land available for agriculture is already used for food production, but despite the productivity gains, one in nine people worldwide are classified as food insecure. There is an increasing risk that addressing food insecurity through methods such as agricultural expansion or intensification could lead to biodiversity loss through destruction of habitats important for conservation. This analysis uses various indicators of biodiversity at a global scale, including biodiversity hotspots, total species richness, and threatened and endemic species richness. Areas where high biodiversity coexists with high food insecurity or a high risk of agricultural expansion, were examined and found to mainly occur in the tropics, with Madagascar standing out in particular. The areas identified are especially at risk of biodiversity loss, and so are global priorities for further research and for policy development to address food insecurity and biodiversity loss together. View Full-Text
Keywords: biodiversity conservation; food security; land use biodiversity conservation; food security; land use
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Molotoks, A.; Kuhnert, M.; Dawson, T.P.; Smith, P. Global Hotspots of Conflict Risk between Food Security and Biodiversity Conservation. Land 2017, 6, 67.

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