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Land 2015, 4(3), 807-841; doi:10.3390/land4030807

Model-Based Synthesis of Locally Contingent Responses to Global Market Signals

National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center (SESYNC), University of Maryland, 1 Park Place, Annapolis, MD 21409, USA
Academic Editor: Darla K. Munroe
Received: 2 July 2015 / Revised: 2 September 2015 / Accepted: 7 September 2015 / Published: 16 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economic Globalization, Telecoupling and Land Change)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [80053 KB, uploaded 16 September 2015]   |  

Abstract

Rural livelihoods and the land systems on which they depend are increasingly influenced by distant markets through economic globalization. Place-based analyses of land and livelihood system sustainability must then consider both proximate and distant influences on local decision-making. Thus, advancing land change theory in the context of economic globalization calls for a systematic understanding of the general processes as well as local contingencies shaping local responses to global signals. Synthesis of insights from place-based case studies is a path forward for developing such systematic knowledge. This paper introduces a generalized agent-based modeling framework for model-based synthesis to investigate the relative importance of structural versus agent-level factors in driving land-use and livelihood responses to changing global market signals. Six case-study sites that differed in environmental conditions, market access and influence, and livelihood settings were analyzed. Stronger market signals generally led to intensification and/or expansion of agriculture or increased non-farm labor, while changes in agents’ risk attitudes prompted heterogeneous local responses to global market signals. These results demonstrate model-based synthesis as a promising approach to overcome many of the challenges of current synthesis methods in land change science and identify generalized as well as locally contingent responses to global market signals. View Full-Text
Keywords: agent-based synthesis system; meta-analysis; effect size; livelihoods; land-use change agent-based synthesis system; meta-analysis; effect size; livelihoods; land-use change
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Magliocca, N.R. Model-Based Synthesis of Locally Contingent Responses to Global Market Signals. Land 2015, 4, 807-841.

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