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Land 2015, 4(3), 754-777; doi:10.3390/land4030754

Land Change Regimes and the Evolution of the Maize-Cattle Complex in Neoliberal Mexico

1
Department of Geography, Michigan State University, 673 Auditorium Rd, Room 116, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
2
Department of Geography, University of Florida, 3141 Turlington Hall, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
3
Center for Latin American Studies, University of Florida, 370A Grinter Hall, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
4
Department of Geography, University of Kansas, 1475 Jayhawk Blvd 213, Lindley Hall, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Darla K. Munroe
Received: 30 May 2015 / Revised: 8 August 2015 / Accepted: 14 August 2015 / Published: 21 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economic Globalization, Telecoupling and Land Change)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [9760 KB, uploaded 21 August 2015]   |  

Abstract

How globalization impacts native land cover has become an important issue in studies addressing environmental change, which draw explicit attention to processes of cause and effect operating over significant distances. The literature shows that globalization constitutes an important underlying driver of both deforestation and forest transition via demographic and economic phenomena such as migration and remittance flows. Yet, little is known about how global forces mold the spatial structure of agro-commodity production and how this impacts the balance of forces affecting land change at the meso-scale, within the boundaries of the nation-state. The research presented here fills this gap by examining production networks for Mexico, a large OECD country with complex land change dynamics that has recently experienced a dramatic opening to the world economy. Specifically, we consider how maize and beef commodity chains evolved over the past few decades into a highly interdependent maize-cattle complex, and suggest linkages to patterns of land change at the national scale. Using land cover maps for 1993, 2002, and 2012, at the national scale, governmental statistics and datasets, interviews with key informants, and field observations the article provides an analysis of the impact of neoliberal reforms on the changing geography of beef and maize production, and argues that this process underlies the evolution of Mexico’s land change regime, both before and after the NAFTA reforms. As such, the article presents an account, and a case for further research on the topic of how teleconnections are constituted by spatially-extensive food production networks. View Full-Text
Keywords: agro-commodity production networks; land change regime; Mexico; neoliberal reform; beef-cattle; maize; agrarian change agro-commodity production networks; land change regime; Mexico; neoliberal reform; beef-cattle; maize; agrarian change
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Galvan-Miyoshi, Y.; Walker, R.; Warf, B. Land Change Regimes and the Evolution of the Maize-Cattle Complex in Neoliberal Mexico. Land 2015, 4, 754-777.

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