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Land 2013, 2(4), 678-704; doi:10.3390/land2040678

Compensation and Resettlement Policies after Compulsory Land Acquisition for Hydropower Development in Vietnam: Policy and Practice

1
Faculty of Land Resource and Agricultural Environment, College of Agriculture and Forestry, Hue University, 102 Phung Hung, Hue City 84.54, Vietnam
2
International Development Studies, Faculty of Geoscience, Utrecht University, Utrecht 3584CS, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 October 2013 / Revised: 8 November 2013 / Accepted: 11 November 2013 / Published: 22 November 2013
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Abstract

Under Vietnam’s State land ownership regime, the Government holds supreme authority over compulsory land acquisition. The results show that many improvements in land acquisition policies have been made, but poor implementation measures largely cannot prevent or even mitigate the adverse impacts on displaced persons. In particular, ineffective compensation measures and a lack of production land and livelihood alternatives accelerate the resistance of communities displaced as a result of hydropower development. The close alliance between the local government and the investor, which is considered as an “interest group”, is the main factor that leads to the ignorance of benefits of displaced people within the compulsory land acquisition process.
Keywords: compensation; resettlement; grievance; interest group compensation; resettlement; grievance; interest group
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ty, P.H.; Van Westen, A.C.M.; Zoomers, A. Compensation and Resettlement Policies after Compulsory Land Acquisition for Hydropower Development in Vietnam: Policy and Practice. Land 2013, 2, 678-704.

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