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Atmosphere 2018, 9(3), 105; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos9030105

Spatio-Temporal Pattern Estimation of PM2.5 in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region Based on MODIS AOD and Meteorological Data Using the Back Propagation Neural Network

1
State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2
Ecology Observing Network and Modeling Laboratory, Institute of Geographic and Nature Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
3
College of Geomatics, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China
4
School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Schmid College of Science and Technology, Chapman University, Orange, CA 92866, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 January 2018 / Revised: 7 March 2018 / Accepted: 9 March 2018 / Published: 13 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Aerosols)
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Abstract

With the economic growth and increasing urbanization in the last three decades, the air quality over China has continuously degraded, which poses a great threat to human health. The concentration of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) directly affects the mortality of people living in the polluted areas where air quality is poor. The Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region, one of the well organized urban regions in northern China, has suffered with poor air quality and atmospheric pollution due to recent growth of the industrial sector and vehicle emissions. In the present study, we used the back propagation neural network model approach to estimate the spatial distribution of PM2.5 concentration in the BTH region for the period January 2014–December 2016, combining the satellite-derived aerosol optical depth (S-DAOD) and meteorological data. The results were validated using the ground PM2.5 data. The general method including all PM2.5 training data and 10-fold cross-method have been used for validation for PM2.5 estimation (R2 = 0.68, RMSE = 20.99 for general validation; R2 = 0.54, RMSE = 24.13 for cross-method validation). The study provides a new approach to monitoring the distribution of PM2.5 concentration. The results discussed in the present paper will be of great help to government agencies in developing and implementing environmental conservation policy. View Full-Text
Keywords: aerosol optical depth; PM2.5; MODIS; air pollution; artificial neural network; Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region; back propagation neural network aerosol optical depth; PM2.5; MODIS; air pollution; artificial neural network; Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region; back propagation neural network
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Ni, X.; Cao, C.; Zhou, Y.; Cui, X.; P. Singh, R. Spatio-Temporal Pattern Estimation of PM2.5 in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region Based on MODIS AOD and Meteorological Data Using the Back Propagation Neural Network. Atmosphere 2018, 9, 105.

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