ELF Electromagnetic Waves from Lightning: The Schumann Resonances
AbstractLightning produces electromagnetic fields and waves in all frequency ranges. In the extremely low frequency (ELF) range below 100 Hz, the global Schumann Resonances (SR) are excited at frequencies of 8 Hz, 14 Hz, 20 Hz, etc. This review is aimed at the reader generally unfamiliar with the Schumann Resonances. First some historical context to SR research is given, followed by some theoretical background and examples of the extensive use of Schumann resonances in a variety of lightning-related studies in recent years, ranging from estimates of the spatial and temporal variations in global lighting activity, connections to global climate change, transient luminous events and extraterrestrial lightning. Both theoretical and experimental results of the global resonance phenomenon are presented. It is our hope that this review will increase the interest in SR among researchers previously unfamiliar with this phenomenon. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Price, C. ELF Electromagnetic Waves from Lightning: The Schumann Resonances. Atmosphere 2016, 7, 116.
Price C. ELF Electromagnetic Waves from Lightning: The Schumann Resonances. Atmosphere. 2016; 7(9):116.Chicago/Turabian Style
Price, Colin. 2016. "ELF Electromagnetic Waves from Lightning: The Schumann Resonances." Atmosphere 7, no. 9: 116.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.