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Atmosphere 2016, 7(1), 9; doi:10.3390/atmos7010009

Analysis of the Error in Retrievals of Aerosol Optical Properties from Sunphotometer Measurements of CARSNET Due to a Variety of Objective Factors

1
College of Atmospheric Science, Chengdu University of Information Technology, and Plateau Atmospheric and Environment Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu 610225, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather (LASW) and Institute of Atmospheric Composition, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
3
Key Laboratory for Aerosol-Cloud-Precipitation of China Meteorological Administration, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
4
Meteorological Observation Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081, China
5
State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics (LASG), Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Gabriele Curci and Giovanni Pitari
Received: 5 December 2015 / Revised: 8 January 2016 / Accepted: 8 January 2016 / Published: 13 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Atmospheric Aerosols and Their Radiative Effects)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5046 KB, uploaded 13 January 2016]   |  

Abstract

In situ observation of the aerosol optical properties is important to the validations of satellite and modeling results; however, the operational measurements can be affected by some objective factors. An experiment study has been performed in order to analyze the error in retrievals of aerosol optical properties from sunphotometer measurements caused by a variety of in situ objective factors. The standard instrument relative error analysis method was used to determine the relative error of aerosol optical depth (AOD) and Ångström exponent (AE) under the effects of five factors: spider web inside the collimator (F1); collimator bending (F2); dust inside the optical head (F3); incrustation scale inside the optical head (F4); and dust and incrustation scale inside the optical head (F5). The results showed that the five factors caused error for AOD retrieved at 1020, 870, 670 and 440 nm, with the maximum error occurring at 870 nm due to the more sensitive measurement signals. The error ranges of AOD derived from the direct solar measurements in the four bands were −0.34%–8.77%, −6.22%–9.68%, −0.05%–2.52%, −0.96%–3.48% and 5.42%–13.38% for F1, F2, F3, F4 and F5, respectively. The maximum error occurred under the influence of F5 with an average error value of 10%, while the minimum occurred owing to F3 with an average error value of 1%. All of the AEs retrieved from the experimental instruments were smaller than that from the reference instrument. The AE error values were 15.19%, 25.57%, 4.56%, 4.41% and 8.83% for F1, F2, F3, F4 and F5, respectively. The average AE retrieval error value was 11.7%. View Full-Text
Keywords: CE318 sunphotometer; aerosol optical depth (AOD); Ångström exponent; retrieval error CE318 sunphotometer; aerosol optical depth (AOD); Ångström exponent; retrieval error
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Gui, K.; Che, H.; Chen, Q.; Yu, J.; Zheng, Y.; Lu, S.; Wang, H.; Wang, Y.; Zhang, X.; Shi, G. Analysis of the Error in Retrievals of Aerosol Optical Properties from Sunphotometer Measurements of CARSNET Due to a Variety of Objective Factors. Atmosphere 2016, 7, 9.

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