Next Article in Journal
Analysis of the Error in Retrievals of Aerosol Optical Properties from Sunphotometer Measurements of CARSNET Due to a Variety of Objective Factors
Previous Article in Journal
The Role of Highly-Resolved Gust Speed in Simulations of Storm Damage in Forests at the Landscape Scale: A Case Study from Southwest Germany
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Atmosphere 2016, 7(1), 8;

Convection of Moist Saturated Air: Analytical Study

Department of General and Theoretical Physics, Institute of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, North Caucasus Federal University, 1 Pushkin Street, Stavropol 355009, Russia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Robert W. Talbot
Received: 29 October 2015 / Revised: 24 November 2015 / Accepted: 30 December 2015 / Published: 5 January 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [754 KB, uploaded 5 January 2016]   |  


In the present work, the steady-state stationary thermal convection of moist saturated air in a lower atmosphere has been studied theoretically. Thermal convection was considered without accounting for the Coriolis force, and with only the vertical temperature gradient. The analytical solution of geophysical fluid dynamics equations, which generalizes the formulation of the moist convection problem, is obtained in the two-dimensional case. The stream function is derived in the Boussinesq approximation with velocity divergence taken as zero. It has been shown that the stream function is asymmetrical in vertical direction contrary to the dry and moist unsaturated air convection. It has been demonstrated that the convection in moist atmosphere strongly depends on the vapor mass fraction gradient. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermal convection; Rayleigh–Benard convection; moist air; stream function; analytical model thermal convection; Rayleigh–Benard convection; moist air; stream function; analytical model

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Zakinyan, R.; Zakinyan, A.; Ryzhkov, R.; Avanesyan, K. Convection of Moist Saturated Air: Analytical Study. Atmosphere 2016, 7, 8.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Atmosphere EISSN 2073-4433 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top