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Erratum published on 28 December 2015, see Atmosphere 2016, 7(1), 3.

Open AccessArticle
Atmosphere 2015, 6(11), 1833-1857; doi:10.3390/atmos6111833

An Assessment of the South Asian Summer Monsoon Variability for Present and Future Climatologies Using a High Resolution Regional Climate Model (RegCM4.3) under the AR5 Scenarios

1
State Key Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control (SKLESPC), School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
2
Department of Space Sciences, Institute of Space Technology, Islamabad Highway, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
3
Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research/Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
4
Meteorology Institute of Stockholm University (MISU), Stockholm SE-106 91, Sweden
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Anthony R. Lupo
Received: 5 September 2015 / Revised: 7 November 2015 / Accepted: 10 November 2015 / Published: 23 November 2015
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Abstract

We assessed the present and future climatologies of mean summer monsoon over South Asia using a high resolution regional climate model (RegCM4) with a 25 km horizontal resolution. In order to evaluate the performance of the RegCM4 for the reference period (1976–2005) and for the far future (2070–2099), climate change projections under two greenhouse gas representative concentration pathways (RCP4.5 and RCP8.5) were made, the lateral boundary conditions being provided by the geophysical fluid dynamic laboratory global model (GFDL-ESM2M). The regional climate model (RCM) improves the simulation of seasonal mean temperature and precipitation patterns compared to driving global climate model (GCM) during present-day climate conditions. The regional characteristic features of South Asian summer monsoon (SASM), like the low level jet stream and westerly flow over the northern the Arabian Sea, are well captured by the RegCM4. In spite of some discrepancies, the RegCM4 could simulate the Tibetan anticyclone and the direction of the tropical easterly jet reasonably well at 200 hPa. The projected temperature changes in 2070–2099 relative to 1976–2005 for GFDL-ESM2M show increased warming compared to RegCM4. The projected patterns at the end of 21st century shows an increase in precipitation over the Indian Peninsula and the Western Ghats. The possibilities of excessive precipitation include increased southwesterly flow in the wet period and the effect of model bias on climate change. However, the spatial patterns of precipitation are decreased in intensity and magnitude as the monsoon approaches the foothills of the Himalayas. The RegCM4-projected dry conditions over northeastern India are possibly related to the anomalous anticyclonic circulations in both scenarios. View Full-Text
Keywords: regional climate model; South Asia; monsoon variability; climate change regional climate model; South Asia; monsoon variability; climate change
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Hassan, M.; Du, P.; Jia, S.; Iqbal, W.; Mahmood, R.; Ba, W. An Assessment of the South Asian Summer Monsoon Variability for Present and Future Climatologies Using a High Resolution Regional Climate Model (RegCM4.3) under the AR5 Scenarios. Atmosphere 2015, 6, 1833-1857.

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