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Atmosphere 2015, 6(11), 1771-1784; doi:10.3390/atmos6111771

Mass Deposition Fluxes of Asian Dust to the Bohai Sea and Yellow Sea from Geostationary Satellite MTSAT: A Case Study

1
State Key Laboratory of Satellite Ocean Environment Dynamics, Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Hangzhou 310012, China
2
Department of Earth Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Robert W. Talbot
Received: 4 September 2015 / Revised: 5 November 2015 / Accepted: 10 November 2015 / Published: 18 November 2015
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Abstract

Windblown dust aerosol plays an important role in marine ecosystems once they are deposited and dissolved. At present, methods for estimating the deposition flux are mainly limited to direct measurements or model outputs. Additionally, satellite remote sensing was often used to estimate the integral dust column concentration (DCC). In this paper, an algorithm is developed to estimate the mass deposition fluxes of Asian dust by satellite. The dust aerosol is identified firstly and then the DCC is derived based on the relationships between the pre-calculated lookup table (LUT) and observations from Japanese geostationary Multi-functional Transport Satellites (MTSAT). The LUT is built on the dust cloud and surface parameters by a radiation transfer model Streamer. The average change rate of deposition is derived, which shows an exponential decay dependence on transport time along the pathway. Thus, the deposition flux is acquired via integrating the hourly deposition. This simple algorithm is applied to a dust storm that occurred in the Bohai Sea and Yellow Sea from 1 to 3 March 2008. Results indicate that the properties of the dust cloud over the study area changed rapidly and the mass deposition flux is estimated to be 2.59 Mt. View Full-Text
Keywords: dust aerosol; mass deposition flux; remote sensing; MTSAT; the Bohai Sea and Yellow Sea dust aerosol; mass deposition flux; remote sensing; MTSAT; the Bohai Sea and Yellow Sea
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tu, Q.; Hao, Z.; Pan, D. Mass Deposition Fluxes of Asian Dust to the Bohai Sea and Yellow Sea from Geostationary Satellite MTSAT: A Case Study. Atmosphere 2015, 6, 1771-1784.

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