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Atmosphere 2014, 5(4), 720-736; doi:10.3390/atmos5040720

Use of a Simple GIS-Based Model in Mapping the Atmospheric Concentration of γ-HCH in Europe

Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Joint Research Centre, European Commission, 21027 Ispra (VA), Italy
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Received: 20 March 2014 / Revised: 22 July 2014 / Accepted: 19 August 2014 / Published: 15 October 2014
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Abstract

The state-of-the-art of atmospheric contaminant transport modeling provides accurate estimation of chemical concentrations. However, existing complex models, sophisticated in terms of process description and potentially highly accurate, may entail expensive setups and require very detailed input data. In contexts where detailed predictions are not needed (e.g., for regulatory risk assessment or life cycle impact assessment of chemicals), simple models allowing quick evaluation of contaminants may be preferable. The goal of this paper is to illustrate and critically discuss the use of a simple equation proposed by Pistocchi and Galmarini (2010), which can be implemented through basic GIS functions, to predict atmospheric concentrations of lindane (γ-HCH) in Europe from both local and remote sources. Concentrations were computed for 1995 and 2005 assuming different modes of use of lindane and consequently different spatial patterns of emissions. Results were compared with those from the well-established MSCE-POP model (2005) developed within EMEP (European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme), and with available monitoring data, showing acceptable correspondence in terms of the orders of magnitude and spatial distribution of concentrations, especially when the background effect of emissions from extracontinental sources, estimated using the same equation, is added to European emissions. View Full-Text
Keywords: atmospheric pollution modeling; lindane; simple equation; GIS atmospheric pollution modeling; lindane; simple equation; GIS
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Vizcaino, P.; Pistocchi, A. Use of a Simple GIS-Based Model in Mapping the Atmospheric Concentration of γ-HCH in Europe. Atmosphere 2014, 5, 720-736.

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