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Atmosphere 2014, 5(1), 81-91; doi:10.3390/atmos5010081

Aerosol Optical Properties and Determination of Aerosol Size Distribution in Wuhan, China

1
State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing (LIESMARS), Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
2
International Research Center of Satellite Remote Sensing and Atmospheric Monitoring, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 December 2013 / Revised: 23 December 2013 / Accepted: 7 January 2014 / Published: 23 January 2014
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Abstract

Columnar aerosol volume size distributions from March 2012 to February 2013 in Wuhan, China, were investigated with a focus on monthly and seasonal variations in the aerosol optical depths (AODs) and Ångström exponents. AOD is wavelength dependent, and for AOD at, for example, 500 nm, the seasonal averaged AOD value decreased in the order of winter (~0.84), spring (~0.83), summer (~0.76) and autumn (~0.55). The Ångström exponent suggested that the aerosol sizes in summer (~1.22), winter (~1.14), autumn (~1.06) and spring (~0.99) varied from fine to coarse particles. The Ångström exponent and AOD could provide a qualitative evaluation of ASD. Moreover, aerosol size distribution (ASD) was larger in winter than the other three seasons, especially from 1.0 µm to 15 µm due to heavy anthropogenic aerosol and damp climate. The ASD spectral shape showed a bimodal distribution in autumn, winter, and spring, with one peak (<0.1) in the fine mode range and the other (>0.14) in the coarse mode range. However, there appeared to be a trimodal distribution during summer, with two peaks in the coarse mode, which might be due to the hygroscopic growth of the local particles and the generation of aerosol precursor resulting from the extreme-high temperature and relative humidity.
Keywords: aerosol size distribution; aerosol optical depth; Ångström exponent; sun photometer; Wuhan aerosol size distribution; aerosol optical depth; Ångström exponent; sun photometer; Wuhan
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Gong, W.; Zhang, S.; Ma, Y. Aerosol Optical Properties and Determination of Aerosol Size Distribution in Wuhan, China. Atmosphere 2014, 5, 81-91.

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