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Atmosphere 2013, 4(2), 132-156; doi:10.3390/atmos4020132

Numerical Modeling of Climate-Chemistry Connections: Recent Developments and Future Challenges

Institute of Atmospheric Physics, German Aerospace Center, Oberpfaffenhofen, D-82234 Wessling, Germany
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Received: 26 March 2013 / Revised: 3 May 2013 / Accepted: 8 May 2013 / Published: 17 May 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ozone Depletion and Climate Change)
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Abstract

This paper reviews the current state and development of different numerical model classes that are used to simulate the global atmospheric system, particularly Earth’s climate and climate-chemistry connections. The focus is on Chemistry-Climate Models. In general, these serve to examine dynamical and chemical processes in the Earth atmosphere, their feedback, and interaction with climate. Such models have been established as helpful tools in addition to analyses of observational data. Definitions of the global model classes are given and their capabilities as well as weaknesses are discussed. Examples of scientific studies indicate how numerical exercises contribute to an improved understanding of atmospheric behavior. There, the focus is on synergistic investigations combining observations and model results. The possible future developments and challenges are presented, not only from the scientific point of view but also regarding the computer technology and respective consequences for numerical modeling of atmospheric processes. In the future, a stronger cross-linkage of subject-specific scientists is necessary, to tackle the looming challenges. It should link the specialist discipline and applied computer science.
Keywords: troposphere; stratosphere; atmospheric circulation; ozone layer; ozone-climate connection; stratospheric water vapor; climate change; future projection; Earth-System Model; high-performance computing troposphere; stratosphere; atmospheric circulation; ozone layer; ozone-climate connection; stratospheric water vapor; climate change; future projection; Earth-System Model; high-performance computing
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Dameris, M.; Jöckel, P. Numerical Modeling of Climate-Chemistry Connections: Recent Developments and Future Challenges. Atmosphere 2013, 4, 132-156.

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