Atmosphere 2011, 2(3), 510-532; doi:10.3390/atmos2030510

Chemical Mechanism Solvers in Air Quality Models

1 Computational Science Laboratory, Department of Computer Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0106, USA 2 Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems. 7323 Aviation Blvd., Linthicum, MD 21240, USA 3 Air Chemistry Department, Max-Planck Institute of Chemistry, P.O. Box 3060, Mainz 55020, Germany
The paper is dedicated to the memory of Dr. Daewon Byun, whose work remains a lasting legacy tothe field of air quality modeling and simulation.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 July 2011; in revised form: 22 August 2011 / Accepted: 31 August 2011 / Published: 13 September 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Air Pollution Modeling: Reviews of Science Process Algorithms)
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [440 KB, uploaded 13 September 2011 11:41 CEST]
Abstract: The solution of chemical kinetics is one of the most computationally intensivetasks in atmospheric chemical transport simulations. Due to the stiff nature of the system,implicit time stepping algorithms which repeatedly solve linear systems of equations arenecessary. This paper reviews the issues and challenges associated with the construction ofefficient chemical solvers, discusses several families of algorithms, presents strategies forincreasing computational efficiency, and gives insight into implementing chemical solverson accelerated computer architectures.
Keywords: chemical mechanisms; stiff solvers; sparsity; KPP; parallelism; acceleratorarchitectures; KPPA

Supplementary Files

Article Statistics

Load and display the download statistics.

Citations to this Article

Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, H.; Linford, J.C.; Sandu, A.; Sander, R. Chemical Mechanism Solvers in Air Quality Models. Atmosphere 2011, 2, 510-532.

AMA Style

Zhang H, Linford JC, Sandu A, Sander R. Chemical Mechanism Solvers in Air Quality Models. Atmosphere. 2011; 2(3):510-532.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Hong; Linford, John C.; Sandu, Adrian; Sander, Rolf. 2011. "Chemical Mechanism Solvers in Air Quality Models." Atmosphere 2, no. 3: 510-532.

Atmosphere EISSN 2073-4433 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert