Complemented Palindromic Small RNAs First Discovered from SARS Coronavirus
AbstractIn this study, we report for the first time the existence of complemented palindromic small RNAs (cpsRNAs) and propose that cpsRNAs and palindromic small RNAs (psRNAs) constitute a novel class of small RNAs. The first discovered 19-nt cpsRNA UUAACAAGCUUGUUAAAGA, named SARS-CoV-cpsR-19, was detected from a 22-bp DNA complemented palindrome TCTTTAACAAGCTTGTTAAAGA in the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) genome. The phylogenetic analysis supported that this DNA complemented palindrome originated from bat betacoronavirus. The results of RNA interference (RNAi) experiments showed that one 19-nt segment corresponding to SARS-CoV-cpsR-19 significantly induced cell apoptosis. Using this joint analysis of the molecular function and phylogeny, our results suggested that SARS-CoV-cpsR-19 could play a role in SARS-CoV infection or pathogenesis. The discovery of cpsRNAs has paved a way to find novel markers for pathogen detection and to reveal the mechanisms underlying infection or pathogenesis from a different point of view. Researchers can use cpsRNAs to study the infection or pathogenesis of pathogenic viruses when these viruses are not available. The discovery of psRNAs and cpsRNAs, as a novel class of small RNAs, also inspire researchers to investigate DNA palindromes and DNA complemented palindromes with lengths of psRNAs and cpsRNAs in viral genomes. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
ZIP-Document (ZIP, 12 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Liu, C.; Chen, Z.; Hu, Y.; Ji, H.; Yu, D.; Shen, W.; Li, S.; Ruan, J.; Bu, W.; Gao, S. Complemented Palindromic Small RNAs First Discovered from SARS Coronavirus. Genes 2018, 9, 442.
Liu C, Chen Z, Hu Y, Ji H, Yu D, Shen W, Li S, Ruan J, Bu W, Gao S. Complemented Palindromic Small RNAs First Discovered from SARS Coronavirus. Genes. 2018; 9(9):442.Chicago/Turabian Style
Liu, Chang; Chen, Ze; Hu, Yue; Ji, Haishuo; Yu, Deshui; Shen, Wenyuan; Li, Siyu; Ruan, Jishou; Bu, Wenjun; Gao, Shan. 2018. "Complemented Palindromic Small RNAs First Discovered from SARS Coronavirus." Genes 9, no. 9: 442.