EYS Mutations Causing Autosomal Recessive Retinitis Pigmentosa: Changes of Retinal Structure and Function with Disease Progression
AbstractMutations in the EYS (eyes shut homolog) gene are a common cause of autosomal recessive (ar) retinitis pigmentosa (RP). Without a mammalian model of human EYS disease, there is limited understanding of details of disease expression and rates of progression of the retinal degeneration. We studied clinically and with chromatic static perimetry, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT), and en face autofluoresence imaging, a cohort of 15 patients (ages 12–51 at first visit), some of whom had longitudinal data of function and structure. Rod sensitivity was able to be measured by chromatic perimetry in most patients at their earliest visits and some patients retained patchy rod function into the fifth decade of life. As expected from RP, cone sensitivity persisted after rod function was no longer measurable. The photoreceptor nuclear layer of the central retina was abnormal except at the fovea in most patients at first visit. Perifoveal disease measured over a period of years indicated that photoreceptor structural loss was followed by dysmorphology of the inner retina and loss of retinal pigment epithelial integrity. Although there could be variability in severity, preliminary analyses of the rates of vision loss suggested that EYS is a more rapidly progressive disease than other ciliopathies causing arRP, such as USH2A and MAK. View Full-Text
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McGuigan, D.B.; Heon, E.; Cideciyan, A.V.; Ratnapriya, R.; Lu, M.; Sumaroka, A.; Roman, A.J.; Batmanabane, V.; Garafalo, A.V.; Stone, E.M.; Swaroop, A.; Jacobson, S.G. EYS Mutations Causing Autosomal Recessive Retinitis Pigmentosa: Changes of Retinal Structure and Function with Disease Progression. Genes 2017, 8, 178.
McGuigan DB, Heon E, Cideciyan AV, Ratnapriya R, Lu M, Sumaroka A, Roman AJ, Batmanabane V, Garafalo AV, Stone EM, Swaroop A, Jacobson SG. EYS Mutations Causing Autosomal Recessive Retinitis Pigmentosa: Changes of Retinal Structure and Function with Disease Progression. Genes. 2017; 8(7):178.Chicago/Turabian Style
McGuigan, David B.; Heon, Elise; Cideciyan, Artur V.; Ratnapriya, Rinki; Lu, Monica; Sumaroka, Alexander; Roman, Alejandro J.; Batmanabane, Vaishnavi; Garafalo, Alexandra V.; Stone, Edwin M.; Swaroop, Anand; Jacobson, Samuel G. 2017. "EYS Mutations Causing Autosomal Recessive Retinitis Pigmentosa: Changes of Retinal Structure and Function with Disease Progression." Genes 8, no. 7: 178.
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