Starch Biosynthesis in the Developing Endosperms of Grasses and Cereals
AbstractThe starch-rich endosperms of the Poaceae, which includes wild grasses and their domesticated descendents the cereals, have provided humankind and their livestock with the bulk of their daily calories since the dawn of civilization up to the present day. There are currently unprecedented pressures on global food supplies, largely resulting from population growth, loss of agricultural land that is linked to increased urbanization, and climate change. Since cereal yields essentially underpin world food and feed supply, it is critical that we understand the biological factors contributing to crop yields. In particular, it is important to understand the biochemical pathway that is involved in starch biosynthesis, since this pathway is the major yield determinant in the seeds of six out of the top seven crops grown worldwide. This review outlines the critical stages of growth and development of the endosperm tissue in the Poaceae, including discussion of carbon provision to the growing sink tissue. The main body of the review presents a current view of our understanding of storage starch biosynthesis, which occurs inside the amyloplasts of developing endosperms. View Full-Text
Scifeed alert for new publicationsNever miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
- Get alerts for new papers matching your research
- Find out the new papers from selected authors
- Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
- Define your Scifeed now
Tetlow, I.J.; Emes, M.J. Starch Biosynthesis in the Developing Endosperms of Grasses and Cereals. Agronomy 2017, 7, 81.
Tetlow IJ, Emes MJ. Starch Biosynthesis in the Developing Endosperms of Grasses and Cereals. Agronomy. 2017; 7(4):81.Chicago/Turabian Style
Tetlow, Ian J.; Emes, Michael J. 2017. "Starch Biosynthesis in the Developing Endosperms of Grasses and Cereals." Agronomy 7, no. 4: 81.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.