N2 Fixation of Common and Hairy Vetches when Intercropped into Switchgrass
AbstractInterest in sustainable alternatives to synthetic nitrogen (N) for switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) forage and bioenergy production, such as biological N2 fixation (BNF) via legume-intercropping, continues to increase. The objectives were to: (i) test physical and chemical scarification techniques (10 total) for common vetch (Vicia sativa L.); (ii) assess whether switchgrass yield is increased by BNF under optimum seed dormancy suppression methods; and (iii) determine BNF rates of common and hairy vetch (Vicia villosa L.) via the N-difference method. Results indicate that chemical scarification (sulfuric acid) and mechanical pretreatment (0.7 kg of pressure for one minute) improve common vetch germination by 60% and 50%, respectively, relative to controls. Under optimum scarification methods, BNF was 59.3 and 43.3 kg·N·ha−1 when seeded at 7 kg pure live seed ha−1 for common and hairy vetch, respectively. However, at this seeding rate, switchgrass yields were not affected by BNF (p > 0.05). Based on BNF rates and plant density estimates, seeding rates of 8 and 10 kg pure live seed (PLS) ha−1 for common and hairy vetch, respectively, would be required to obtain plant densities sufficient for BNF at the current recommended rate of 67 kg·N·ha−1 for switchgrass biomass production in the Southeastern U.S. View Full-Text
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Ashworth, A.J.; Allen, F.L.; Warwick, K.S.; Keyser, P.D.; Bates, G.E.; Tyler, D.D.; Lambdin, P.L.; Pote, D.H. N2 Fixation of Common and Hairy Vetches when Intercropped into Switchgrass. Agronomy 2017, 7, 39.
Ashworth AJ, Allen FL, Warwick KS, Keyser PD, Bates GE, Tyler DD, Lambdin PL, Pote DH. N2 Fixation of Common and Hairy Vetches when Intercropped into Switchgrass. Agronomy. 2017; 7(2):39.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ashworth, Amanda J.; Allen, Fred L.; Warwick, Kara S.; Keyser, Patrick D.; Bates, Gary E.; Tyler, Don D.; Lambdin, Paris L.; Pote, Dan H. 2017. "N2 Fixation of Common and Hairy Vetches when Intercropped into Switchgrass." Agronomy 7, no. 2: 39.
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