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Agronomy 2015, 5(4), 491-505; doi:10.3390/agronomy5040491

Performance of Northwest Washington Heirloom Dry Bean Varieties in Organic Production

1
Department of Horticulture, Washington State University, Northwestern Washington Research and Extension Center, Mount Vernon, WA 98273, USA
2
Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Washington State University, Northwestern Washington Research and Extension Center, Mount Vernon, WA 98273, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Herb Cutforth
Received: 28 August 2015 / Revised: 15 October 2015 / Accepted: 15 October 2015 / Published: 23 October 2015
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Abstract

This two-year study compared nine northwest Washington dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) heirloom (H) varieties with 11 standard (S) commercial varieties in matching market classes using organic, non-irrigated production practices. Heirloom and standard varieties differed in days to harvest (DTH) (110 DTH and 113 DTH, respectively), while both days to harvest (113 DTH and 110 DTH) and yield (2268 kg∙ha−1 and 1625 kg∙ha−1) were greater in 2013 than in 2014. Varieties with the shortest DTH both years were “Bale” (H), “Coco” (H), “Decker” (H), “Ireland Creek Annie” (H and S), “Kring” (H) and “Rockwell” (H). Varieties that had the highest yield both years were “Eclipse” (S), “Lariat” (S) and “Youngquist Brown” (H). Only “Eclipse” (S) had the shortest cooking time both years, while “Rockwell” (H), “Silver Cloud” (S) and “Soldier” (S) had short cooking times in 2013, and “Orca” (S) and “Youngquist Brown” (H) had short cooking time in 2014. Varieties with the highest protein content both years were “Calypso” (S), “Coco” (S) and “Silver Cloud” (S). Further research should investigate yield of early maturing standard varieties, with a focus on color-patterned beans that are attractive for local markets. View Full-Text
Keywords: organic agriculture; crop rotation; Phaseolus vulgaris; heirloom varieties; niche market organic agriculture; crop rotation; Phaseolus vulgaris; heirloom varieties; niche market
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Miles, C.; Atterberry, K.A.; Brouwer, B. Performance of Northwest Washington Heirloom Dry Bean Varieties in Organic Production. Agronomy 2015, 5, 491-505.

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