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Agronomy 2015, 5(2), 107-129; doi:10.3390/agronomy5020107

Barley Leaf Area and Leaf Growth Rates Are Maximized during the Pre-Anthesis Phase

HEISENBERG-Research Group Plant Architecture, Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK), Corrensstraße. 3, OT Gatersleben D-06466 Stadt Seeland, Germany
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Academic Editor: Robert Gallagher
Received: 15 November 2014 / Revised: 5 April 2015 / Accepted: 14 April 2015 / Published: 17 April 2015
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Abstract

Leaf developmental traits are an important component of crop breeding in small-grain cereals. Surprisingly, little is known about the genetic basis for the differences in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) leaf development. The two barley row-type classes, i.e., two- and six-rowed, show clear-cut differences in leaf development. To quantify these differences and to measure the genetic component of the phenotypic variance for the leaf developmental differences in both row-type classes we investigated 32 representative spring barley accessions (14 two- and 18 six-rowed accessions) under three independent growth conditions. Leaf mass area is lower in plants grown under greenhouse (GH) conditions due to fewer, smaller, and lighter leaf blades per main culm compared to pot- and soil-grown field plants. Larger and heavier leaf blades of six-rowed barley correlate with higher main culm spike grain yield, spike dry weight, and harvest index; however, smaller leaf area (LA) in two-rowed barley can be attributed to more spikes, tillers, and biological yield (aboveground parts). In general, leaf growth rate was significantly higher between awn primordium and tipping stages. Moderate to very high broad-sense heritabilities (0.67–0.90) were found under all growth conditions, indicating that these traits are predominantly genetically controlled. In addition, our data suggests that GH conditions are suitable for studying leaf developmental traits. Our results also demonstrated that LA impacts single plant yield and can be reconsidered in future breeding programs. Six-rowed spike 1 (Vrs1) is the major determinate of barley row-types, the differences in leaf development between two- and six-rowed barleys may be attributed to the regulation of Vrs1 in these two classes, which needs further testing. View Full-Text
Keywords: barley; leaf area; leaf growth rate; Vrs1; two-rowed; six-rowed barley; leaf area; leaf growth rate; Vrs1; two-rowed; six-rowed
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Alqudah, A.M.; Schnurbusch, T. Barley Leaf Area and Leaf Growth Rates Are Maximized during the Pre-Anthesis Phase. Agronomy 2015, 5, 107-129.

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