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Glyphosate-Resistant Goosegrass from Mississippi
Crop Production Systems Research Unit, USDA-ARS, 141 Experiment Station Road, Stoneville, MS 38776, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 May 2013; in revised form: 17 May 2013 / Accepted: 17 May 2013 / Published: 29 May 2013
Abstract: A suspected glyphosate-resistant goosegrass [Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.] population, found in Washington County, Mississippi, was studied to determine the level of resistance and whether the resistance was due to a point mutation, as was previously identified in a Malaysian population. Whole plant dose response assays indicated a two- to four-fold increase in resistance to glyphosate. Leaf disc bioassays based on a glyphosate-dependent increase in shikimate levels indicated a five- to eight-fold increase in resistance. Sequence comparisons of messenger RNA for epsps, the gene encoding the enzyme 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase, from resistant and sensitive goosegrass, revealed a cytosine to thymine nucleotide change at position 319 in the resistant accessions. This single nucleotide polymorphism causes a proline to serine amino acid substitution at position 106 in 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase. A real-time polymerase chain reaction assay using DNA probes specific for the nucleotide change at position 319 was developed to detect this polymorphism. Goosegrass from 42 locations were screened, and the results indicated that glyphosate-resistant goosegrass remained localized to where it was discovered. Pendimethalin, s-metolachlor, clethodim, paraquat and fluazifop controlled resistant goosegrass 93% to 100%, indicating that several control options for glyphosate-resistant goosegrass are available.
Keywords: glyphosate resistance; point mutation; single nucleotide polymorphism; Eleusine indica
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Molin, W.T.; Wright, A.A.; Nandula, V.K. Glyphosate-Resistant Goosegrass from Mississippi. Agronomy 2013, 3, 474-487.
Molin WT, Wright AA, Nandula VK. Glyphosate-Resistant Goosegrass from Mississippi. Agronomy. 2013; 3(2):474-487.
Molin, William T.; Wright, Alice A.; Nandula, Vijay K. 2013. "Glyphosate-Resistant Goosegrass from Mississippi." Agronomy 3, no. 2: 474-487.