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Agronomy 2013, 3(2), 433-461; doi:10.3390/agronomy3020433
Review

Use of Wild Relatives and Closely Related Species to Adapt Common Bean to Climate Change

1,* , 2
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Received: 28 January 2013; in revised form: 16 April 2013 / Accepted: 2 May 2013 / Published: 10 May 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Crop Production)
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Abstract: Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an important legume crop worldwide. However, abiotic and biotic stress limits bean yields to <600 kg ha−1 in low-income countries. Current low yields result in food insecurity, while demands for increased yields to match the rate of population growth combined with the threat of climate change are significant. Novel and significant advances in genetic improvement using untapped genetic diversity available in crop wild relatives and closely related species must be further explored. A meeting was organized by the Global Crop Diversity Trust to consider strategies for common bean improvement. This review resulted from that meeting and considers our current understanding of the genetic resources available for common bean improvement and the progress that has been achieved thus far through introgression of genetic diversity from wild relatives of common bean, and from closely related species, including: P. acutifolius, P. coccineus, P. costaricensis and P. dumosus. Newly developed genomic tools and their potential applications are presented. A broad outline of research for use of these genetic resources for common bean improvement in a ten-year multi-disciplinary effort is presented.
Keywords: abiotic stress; disease resistance; crop improvement; genetic diversity; introgression; Phaseolus vulgaris abiotic stress; disease resistance; crop improvement; genetic diversity; introgression; Phaseolus vulgaris
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Porch, T.G.; Beaver, J.S.; Debouck, D.G.; Jackson, S.A.; Kelly, J.D.; Dempewolf, H. Use of Wild Relatives and Closely Related Species to Adapt Common Bean to Climate Change. Agronomy 2013, 3, 433-461.

AMA Style

Porch TG, Beaver JS, Debouck DG, Jackson SA, Kelly JD, Dempewolf H. Use of Wild Relatives and Closely Related Species to Adapt Common Bean to Climate Change. Agronomy. 2013; 3(2):433-461.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Porch, Timothy G.; Beaver, James S.; Debouck, Daniel G.; Jackson, Scott A.; Kelly, James D.; Dempewolf, Hannes. 2013. "Use of Wild Relatives and Closely Related Species to Adapt Common Bean to Climate Change." Agronomy 3, no. 2: 433-461.

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