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The Impact of Biochar Application on Soil Properties and Plant Growth of Pot Grown Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) and Cabbage (Brassica chinensis)
University of Edinburgh, UK Biochar Research Centre, School of GeoSciences, Edinburgh, EH9 3JN, UK
Authority for the Protection and Management of Angkor and the Region of Siem Reap (APSARA), ANGKOR COEX Compound, Apsara Road, Siem Reap, Cambodia
Australian Centre for Plant Functional Genomics, University of Adelaide, 5064 South Australia, Australia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 February 2013; in revised form: 26 April 2013 / Accepted: 26 April 2013 / Published: 7 May 2013
Abstract: The effect of rice-husk char (potentially biochar) application on the growth of transplanted lettuce (Lactuca sativa) and Chinese cabbage (Brassica chinensis) was assessed in a pot experiment over a three crop (lettuce-cabbage-lettuce) cycle in Cambodia. The biochar was the by-product of a rice-husk gasification unit and consisted of 28.7% carbon (C) by mass. Biochar application rates to potting medium of 25, 50 and 150 g kg−1 were used with and without locally available fertilizers (a mixture of compost, liquid compost and lake sediment). The rice-husk biochar used was slightly alkaline (pH 7.79), increased the pH of the soil, and contained elevated levels of some trace metals and exchangeable cations (K, Ca and Mg) in comparison to the soil. The biochar treatments were found to increase the final biomass, root biomass, plant height and number of leaves in all the cropping cycles in comparison to no biochar treatments. The greatest biomass increase due to biochar additions (903%) was found in the soils without fertilization, rather than fertilized soils (483% with the same biochar application as in the “without fertilization” case). Over the cropping cycles the impact was reduced; a 363% increase in biomass was observed in the third lettuce cycle.
Keywords: Brassica chinensis; compost; crop yield; Lactuca sativa; rice husk char; sandy soil
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MDPI and ACS Style
Carter, S.; Shackley, S.; Sohi, S.; Suy, T.B.; Haefele, S. The Impact of Biochar Application on Soil Properties and Plant Growth of Pot Grown Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) and Cabbage (Brassica chinensis). Agronomy 2013, 3, 404-418.
Carter S, Shackley S, Sohi S, Suy TB, Haefele S. The Impact of Biochar Application on Soil Properties and Plant Growth of Pot Grown Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) and Cabbage (Brassica chinensis). Agronomy. 2013; 3(2):404-418.
Carter, Sarah; Shackley, Simon; Sohi, Saran; Suy, Tan B.; Haefele, Stephan. 2013. "The Impact of Biochar Application on Soil Properties and Plant Growth of Pot Grown Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) and Cabbage (Brassica chinensis)." Agronomy 3, no. 2: 404-418.