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Polymers 2017, 9(9), 420; doi:10.3390/polym9090420

Melt-Processable Semicrystalline Polyimides Based on 1,4-Bis(3,4-dicarboxyphenoxy)benzene Dianhydride (HQDPA): Synthesis, Crystallization, and Melting Behavior

Key Laboratory of Additive Manufacturing Materials of Zhejiang Province, Ningbo Institute of Material Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1219 Zhongguan West Rd, Zhenhai District, Ningbo 315201, Zhejiang, China
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19 A Yuquan Rd, Shijingshan District, Beijing 100049, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 June 2017 / Revised: 2 September 2017 / Accepted: 2 September 2017 / Published: 6 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue High Performance Polymers)
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It is a great challenge to develop semicrystalline polyimides exhibited significant recrystallization ability and fast crystallization kinetics from the melt. A series of semicrystalline polyimides based on 1,4-bis(3,4-dicarboxyphenoxy)benzene dianhydride (HQDPA) and different diamines, including 1,3-bis(4-aminophenoxy)benzene (TPER), 1,4-bis(4-aminophenoxy)benzene (TPEQ), 4,4′-oxydianiline (4,4′-ODA) and 4,4′-bis(4-aminophenoxy)biphenyl (BAPB), end capped with phthalic anhydride were synthesized. Crystallization and melting behaviors were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The polyimide derived from HQDPA/TPER (PI-1) exhibited a glass transition temperature (Tg) at 190 °C and double melting temperatures (Tms) at 331 °C and 350 °C, and the polyimide derived from HQDPA/TPEQ (PI-2) displayed a Tg at 214 °C and a Tm at 388 °C. PI-1 and PI-2 showed significant recrystallization ability from melt and high crystallization rate by isothermal crystallization kinetics study, while polyimides based on 4,4′-ODA and BAPB lost crystallizability once taken to the melt. These polyimides also exhibited excellent thermo-oxidative stability with 5% weight loss temperature higher than 500 °C and good mechanical properties with tensile moduli of 2.0–3.3 GPa, tensile strengths of 85–105 MPa and elongations at break of 5–18%. PI-1 also possessed outstanding melt flowability with less than 300 Pa·s around 370 °C by rheological measurements. View Full-Text
Keywords: semicrystalline polyimide; melt-processable; crystallization kinetics; thermal stability semicrystalline polyimide; melt-processable; crystallization kinetics; thermal stability

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhang, H.; Wang, W.; Chen, G.; Zhang, A.; Fang, X. Melt-Processable Semicrystalline Polyimides Based on 1,4-Bis(3,4-dicarboxyphenoxy)benzene Dianhydride (HQDPA): Synthesis, Crystallization, and Melting Behavior. Polymers 2017, 9, 420.

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