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Polymers 2017, 9(6), 236; doi:10.3390/polym9060236

Isothermal and Non-Isothermal Crystallization Studies of Long Chain Branched Polypropylene Containing Poly(ethylene-co-octene) under Quiescent and Shear Conditions

Shanghai Key Lab of Polymer Dielectrics, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Advanced Rheology Institute, School of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
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Academic Editor: Changle Chen
Received: 26 May 2017 / Revised: 15 June 2017 / Accepted: 16 June 2017 / Published: 20 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Olefin Polymerization and Polyolefin)
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Abstract

Isothermal and non-isothermal crystallization behaviours of the blends of long chain branched polypropylene (LCB PP) and poly(ethylene-co-octene) (PEOc) with different weight ratios were studied under quiescent and shear flow using polarized optical microscopy (POM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and rheological measurements. Experimental results showed that the crystallization of the LCB PP/PEOc blends were significantly accelerated due to the existence of the long chain branches (LCBs), the blends being able to rapidly crystallize even at 146 °C. The addition of PEOc that acts as a nucleating agent, could also increase the crystallization rate of LCB PP. However, the crystallization rate of LCB PP was reduced when the PEOc concentration was more than 60 wt %, showing a retarded crystallization growth mechanism. The morphology of the binary blend was changed from a sea-island structure to a co-continuous phase structure when the PEOc concentration was increased from 40 to 60 wt %. In comparison with linear isotactic iPP/PEOc, the interfacial tension between LCB PP and PEOc was increased. In addition, flow-induced crystallization of LCB PP/PEOc blends was observed. Possible crystallization mechanisms for both LCB PP/PEOc and iPP/PEOc blends were proposed. View Full-Text
Keywords: crystallization; polyolefins; elastomers; long chain branching; rheology; interfacial tension crystallization; polyolefins; elastomers; long chain branching; rheology; interfacial tension
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Zhang, Z.; Yu, F.; Zhang, H. Isothermal and Non-Isothermal Crystallization Studies of Long Chain Branched Polypropylene Containing Poly(ethylene-co-octene) under Quiescent and Shear Conditions. Polymers 2017, 9, 236.

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