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Polymers 2017, 9(5), 153; doi:10.3390/polym9050153

Development of Defatted Soy Flour-Based Adhesives by Acid Hydrolysis of Carbohydrates

College of Materials Engineering, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
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Academic Editor: Antonio Pizzi
Received: 16 March 2017 / Revised: 8 April 2017 / Accepted: 18 April 2017 / Published: 25 April 2017
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Abstract

Soy-based adhesives are attracting increasing attention in recent years because they are a renewable and environmentally friendly raw material. Defatted soy flour (DSF), comprised of 50% protein and 40% carbohydrate, is the most widely used raw material for the preparation of soy-based adhesives that are unfortunately hampered by poor gluability and water resistance. In the present study, we developed a self-crosslinking approach to prepare a formaldehyde-free defatted soy flour-based adhesive (SBA). Carbohydrates in the DSF were hydrolyzed with 0% (controls), 0.5%, 1.0%, 2.0%, 3.0% and 5.0% hydrochloric acid, and cross-linked with proteins to prepare the SBA. The effect of hydrolyzed carbohydrates on the performance of the SBA was investigated, and hydrolyzed carbohydrates significantly increased the amount of reducing sugars, but decreased insoluble substances. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses revealed an enhanced cross-linking structure with fewer hydrophilic groups in cured SBAs. Maillard reactions between hydrolyzed carbohydrates and proteins resulted in SBAs with better gluability, rheological properties and thermal stability than controls. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images showed that plywood bonded with SBA had a higher wood failure rate than controls. This approach has potential for preparing bio-adhesives with enhanced properties from other natural resources with a similar polysaccharides and protein composition. View Full-Text
Keywords: adhesive; carbohydrate; hydrolysis; defatted soy flour; environmentally friendly adhesive; carbohydrate; hydrolysis; defatted soy flour; environmentally friendly
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Zheng, P.; Li, Y.; Li, F.; Ou, Y.; Lin, Q.; Chen, N. Development of Defatted Soy Flour-Based Adhesives by Acid Hydrolysis of Carbohydrates. Polymers 2017, 9, 153.

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