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Polymers 2017, 9(4), 116; doi:10.3390/polym9040116

Preparation and Characterization of Antibacterial Cellulose/Chitosan Nanofiltration Membranes

1
College of Material Engineering, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
2
College of Ecological Environment and Urban Construction, Fujian University of Technology, Fuzhou 350118, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Lloyd M. Robeson
Received: 13 February 2017 / Revised: 13 March 2017 / Accepted: 22 March 2017 / Published: 23 March 2017
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Abstract

Abstract: Presently, most nanofiltration membranes are prepared with non-biodegradable petrochemical materials. This process is harmful to the ecosystem and consumes a large amount of non-renewable energy. In this study, biodegradable and biocompatible antibacterial cellulose/chitosan nanofiltration membranes (BC/CS-NFMs) were fabricated and characterized for their mechanical strength, antimicrobial activity, salt and dye filtration performance, and polyethylene glycol (PEG) retention using Thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), Field emission scanning electron microscopy(FE-SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy(FT-IR), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The BC/CS-NFMs were obtained by the hydrolysis and carboxymethylation of dense cellulose/chitosan membranes (BC/CSMs). The tensile strength of the BC/CS-NFMs decreased as the chitosan content increased. In addition, the thermal stability and antibacterial ability of the BC/CS-NFMs improved. The pore size is less than 1 nm, and a spongy, layered structure is observed in the cross-sectional FE-SEM images. FT-IR analysis shows that a part of the hydroxyl in cellulose transforms to carboxymethyl during the hydrolysis and carboxymethylation of the BC/CSMs. No obvious changes can be observed in the cellulose and chitosan after the blend membrane formation from the XRD measurements. Based on the experimental results on the permeation and rejection of BC/CS-NFMs, different proportions of cellulose and chitosan nanofiltration membranes almost did not affect the water flux and rejection rate. The BC/CS-NFMs showed better water flux and a higher rejection rate in aqueous dye-salt solutions. View Full-Text
Keywords: cellulose; chitosan; antibacterial activity; nanofiltration membranes cellulose; chitosan; antibacterial activity; nanofiltration membranes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Weng, R.; Chen, L.; Lin, S.; Zhang, H.; Wu, H.; Liu, K.; Cao, S.; Huang, L. Preparation and Characterization of Antibacterial Cellulose/Chitosan Nanofiltration Membranes. Polymers 2017, 9, 116.

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