Next Article in Journal
Tailoring Copolymer Properties by Gradual Changes in the Distribution of the Chains Composition Using Semicontinuous Emulsion Polymerization
Previous Article in Journal
Theoretical Methods for Studying DNA Structural Transitions under Applied Mechanical Constraints
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Polymers 2017, 9(2), 76; doi:10.3390/polym9020076

Nanocarbons in Electrospun Polymeric Nanomats for Tissue Engineering: A Review

Department of Civil, Environmental, Aerospace, Materials Engineering, RU INSTM, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, Ed. 6, 90128 Palermo, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gary L. Bowlin
Received: 23 December 2016 / Accepted: 17 February 2017 / Published: 21 February 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6696 KB, uploaded 22 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

Electrospinning is a versatile process technology, exploited for the production of fibers with varying diameters, ranging from nano- to micro-scale, particularly useful for a wide range of applications. Among these, tissue engineering is particularly relevant to this technology since electrospun fibers offer topological structure features similar to the native extracellular matrix, thus providing an excellent environment for the growth of cells and tissues. Recently, nanocarbons have been emerging as promising fillers for biopolymeric nanofibrous scaffolds. In fact, they offer interesting physicochemical properties due to their small size, large surface area, high electrical conductivity and ability to interface/interact with the cells/tissues. Nevertheless, their biocompatibility is currently under debate and strictly correlated to their surface characteristics, in terms of chemical composition, hydrophilicity and roughness. Among the several nanofibrous scaffolds prepared by electrospinning, biopolymer/nanocarbons systems exhibit huge potential applications, since they combine the features of the matrix with those determined by the nanocarbons, such as conductivity and improved bioactivity. Furthermore, combining nanocarbons and electrospinning allows designing structures with engineered patterns at both nano- and microscale level. This article presents a comprehensive review of various types of electrospun polymer-nanocarbon currently used for tissue engineering applications. Furthermore, the differences among graphene, carbon nanotubes, nanodiamonds and fullerenes and their effect on the ultimate properties of the polymer-based nanofibrous scaffolds is elucidated and critically reviewed. View Full-Text
Keywords: graphene; CNTs; nanodiamonds; fullerene; biopolymer; tissue engineering; electrospinning; mechanical properties; electrical properties; antimicrobial properties graphene; CNTs; nanodiamonds; fullerene; biopolymer; tissue engineering; electrospinning; mechanical properties; electrical properties; antimicrobial properties
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Scaffaro, R.; Maio, A.; Lopresti, F.; Botta, L. Nanocarbons in Electrospun Polymeric Nanomats for Tissue Engineering: A Review. Polymers 2017, 9, 76.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Polymers EISSN 2073-4360 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top