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Polymers 2017, 9(10), 506; doi:10.3390/polym9100506

Synthesis, Morphologies and Building Applications of Nanostructured Polymers

School of Design and Environment, National University of Singapore, 4 Architecture Drive, Singapore 117566, Singapore
Institute of Materials Research and Engineering (IMRE), Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), 2 Fusionopolis Way, Singapore 138634, Singapore
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 September 2017 / Revised: 3 October 2017 / Accepted: 10 October 2017 / Published: 13 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue High Performance Polymers)
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Nanostructured polymers (NSPs) are polymeric materials in the size of nanoscale, normally consisting of nanoparticles, nanofibers, nanowires, nanospheres and other morphologies. Polymer nanoparticles (PNPs) can be fabricated either by physical methods (i.e., solvent evaporation, nanoprecipitation, salting out) or by direct nanosynthesis, using micro- or nanoemulsions with nanoreactor compartments to perform polymerization. Polymer nanofibers (PNFs) can be produced via various techniques and the most commonly used approach is electrospinning, whereby a charged solution of a polymer when exposed to an opposite high electric field is pulled into long thin nanofibers. NSPs in general exhibit enhanced properties such as excellent structural and mechanical properties, making them promising candidates for some particular building applications. A variety of PNFs have been developed and used for noise and air pollution filtration. Moreover, PNFs can also be fabricated with phase change materials which are usually employed for thermal energy storage in construction industry. In this review, we will summarize the morphologies and nanosynthesis methods of NSPs, in particular, PNPs and PNFs. In addition, representative NSPs mainly used in construction are introduced for building applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanostructured polymers; polymer nanoparticles; polymer nanofibers; building applications nanostructured polymers; polymer nanoparticles; polymer nanofibers; building applications

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Lu, Y.; Shah, K.W.; Xu, J. Synthesis, Morphologies and Building Applications of Nanostructured Polymers. Polymers 2017, 9, 506.

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