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Polymers 2016, 8(6), 230; doi:10.3390/polym8060230

A Phase Field Technique for Modeling and Predicting Flow Induced Crystallization Morphology of Semi-Crystalline Polymers

Department of Applied Mathematics, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710129, China
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Academic Editor: Xianqiao Wang
Received: 21 April 2016 / Revised: 27 May 2016 / Accepted: 2 June 2016 / Published: 8 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Computational Modeling and Simulation in Polymer)
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Abstract

Flow induced crystallization of semi-crystalline polymers is an important issue in polymer science and engineering because the changes in morphology strongly affect the properties of polymer materials. In this study, a phase field technique considering polymer characteristics was established for modeling and predicting the resulting morphologies. The considered crystallization process can be divided into two stages, which are nucleation upon the flow induced structures and subsequent crystal growth after the cessation of flow. Accordingly, the proposed technique consists of two parts which are a flow induced nucleation model based on the calculated information of molecular orientation and stretch, and a phase field crystal growth model upon the oriented nuclei. Two-dimensional simulations are carried out to predict the crystallization morphology of isotactic polystyrene under an injection molding process. The results of these simulations demonstrate that flow affects crystallization morphology mainly by producing oriented nuclei. Specifically, the typical skin-core structures along the thickness direction can be successfully predicted. More importantly, the results reveal that flow plays a dominant part in generating oriented crystal morphologies compared to other parameters, such as anisotropy strength, crystallization temperature, and physical noise. View Full-Text
Keywords: crystallization; morphology; semi-crystalline polymer; flow induced; phase field crystallization; morphology; semi-crystalline polymer; flow induced; phase field
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, X.; Ouyang, J.; Zhou, W.; Liu, Z. A Phase Field Technique for Modeling and Predicting Flow Induced Crystallization Morphology of Semi-Crystalline Polymers. Polymers 2016, 8, 230.

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