Next Article in Journal
Biodegradable Polyphosphazene Based Peptide-Polymer Hybrids
Next Article in Special Issue
Polybenzoxazine/Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane (POSS) Nanocomposites
Previous Article in Journal
The Effects of in Situ-Formed Silver Nanoparticles on the Electrical Properties of Epoxy Resin Filled with Silver Nanowires
Previous Article in Special Issue
Turbulent Drag Reduction with Polymers in Rotating Disk Flow
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessFeature PaperReview
Polymers 2016, 8(4), 156; doi:10.3390/polym8040156

Design and Utility of Metal/Metal Oxide Nanoparticles Mediated by Thioether End-Functionalized Polymeric Ligands

1
Hubei Key Laboratory of Material Chemistry and Service Failure, Key Laboratory for Large-Format Battery Materials and System, Ministry of Education, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 437004, China
2
Department of Chemistry, Syed Babar Ali School of Science & Engineering (SBASSE), Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS), DHA, Lahore Cantt, Lahore 54792, Pakistan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alexander Böker
Received: 22 December 2015 / Revised: 30 March 2016 / Accepted: 31 March 2016 / Published: 21 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Collection Featured Mini Reviews in Polymer Science)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [7028 KB, uploaded 21 April 2016]   |  

Abstract

The past few decades have witnessed significant advances in the development of functionalized metal/metal oxide nanoparticles including those of inorganic noble metals and magnetic materials stabilized by various polymeric ligands. Recent applications of such functionalized nanoparticles, including those in bio-imaging, sensing, catalysis, drug delivery, and other biomedical applications have triggered the need for their facile and reproducible preparation with a better control over their size, shape, and surface chemistry. In this perspective, the multidentate polymer ligands containing functional groups like thiol, thioether, and ester are important surface ligands for designing and synthesizing stable nanoparticles (NPs) of metals or their oxides with reproducibility and high yield. These ligands have offered an unprecedented control over the particle size of both nanoparticles and nanoclusters with enhanced colloidal stability, having tunable solubility in aqueous and organic media, and tunable optical, magnetic, and fluorescent properties. This review summarizes the synthetic methodologies and stability of nanoparticles and fluorescent nanoclusters of metals (Au, Ag, Cu, Pt, and other transition metal oxides) prepared by using thioether based ligands and highlights their applications in bio-imaging, sensing, drug delivery, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and catalysis. The future applications of fluorescent metal NPs like thermal gradient optical imaging, single molecule optoelectronics, sensors, and optical components of the detector are also envisaged. View Full-Text
Keywords: thioether end functionalized polymeric ligands; metal/metal oxide nanoparticles; fluorescent metal nanoclusters; drug delivery; magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); biosensing thioether end functionalized polymeric ligands; metal/metal oxide nanoparticles; fluorescent metal nanoclusters; drug delivery; magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); biosensing
Figures

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Razzaque, S.; Hussain, S.Z.; Hussain, I.; Tan, B. Design and Utility of Metal/Metal Oxide Nanoparticles Mediated by Thioether End-Functionalized Polymeric Ligands. Polymers 2016, 8, 156.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Polymers EISSN 2073-4360 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top