Polymer Inclusion Membranes (PIM) for the Recovery of Potassium in the Presence of Competitive Cations
AbstractPotassium is an important nutrient used in fertilizers but is not always naturally available We investigated the properties of polymer inclusion membranes (PIM) regarding their selective recovery of K+ over competitive ions typically present in urine (Na+ and NH4+). The greatest flux was observed when the ratio of mass 2-nitrophenyl octyl ether (2-NPOE) used as plasticizer to cellulose triacetate (CTA) used as polymer was 0.25. The highest flux was achieved with a content of 24.8 wt % of dicyclohexan-18-crown-6 (DCH18C6) used as carrier, although the highest selectivity was observed with a content of 14.0 wt % of DCH18C6. We also studied whether the transport mechanism occurring in our system was based on co-transport of a counter-ion or ion exchange. Two different receiving phases (ultrapure water and 100 mM HCl) were tested. Results on transport mechanisms suggest that co-transport of cations and anions is taking place across our PIMs. The membrane deteriorated and lost its properties when the receiving phase was acidic; we suggested that this was due to hydrolysis of CTA. The greatest flux and selectivity were observed in ultrapure water as receiving phase. View Full-Text
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Casadellà, A.; Schaetzle, O.; Nijmeijer, K.; Loos, K. Polymer Inclusion Membranes (PIM) for the Recovery of Potassium in the Presence of Competitive Cations. Polymers 2016, 8, 76.
Casadellà A, Schaetzle O, Nijmeijer K, Loos K. Polymer Inclusion Membranes (PIM) for the Recovery of Potassium in the Presence of Competitive Cations. Polymers. 2016; 8(3):76.Chicago/Turabian Style
Casadellà, Anna; Schaetzle, Olivier; Nijmeijer, Kitty; Loos, Katja. 2016. "Polymer Inclusion Membranes (PIM) for the Recovery of Potassium in the Presence of Competitive Cations." Polymers 8, no. 3: 76.