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Polymers 2016, 8(2), 32; doi:10.3390/polym8020032

Development of PVDF Membrane Nanocomposites via Various Functionalization Approaches for Environmental Applications

1
Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, and Center of Membrane Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA
2
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Scott M. Husson
Received: 1 November 2015 / Revised: 21 January 2016 / Accepted: 22 January 2016 / Published: 27 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymer Thin Films and Membranes 2015)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [10255 KB, uploaded 27 January 2016]   |  

Abstract

Membranes are finding wide applications in various fields spanning biological, water, and energy areas. Synthesis of membranes to provide tunable flux, metal sorption, and catalysis has been done through pore functionalization of microfiltration (MF) type membranes with responsive behavior. This methodology provides an opportunity to improve synthetic membrane performance via polymer fabrication and surface modification. By optimizing the polymer coagulation conditions in phase inversion fabrication, spongy polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membranes with high porosity and large internal pore volume were created in lab and full scale. This robust membrane shows a promising mechanical strength as well as high capacity for loading of adsorptive and catalytic materials. By applying surface modification techniques, synthetic membranes with different functionality (carboxyl, amine, and nanoparticle-based) were obtained. These functionalities provide an opportunity to fine-tune the membrane surface properties such as charge and reactivity. The incorporation of stimuli-responsive acrylic polymers (polyacrylic acid or sodium polyacrylate) in membrane pores also results in tunable pore size and ion-exchange capacity. This provides the added benefits of adjustable membrane permeability and metal capture efficiency. The equilibrium and dynamic binding capacity of these functionalized spongy membranes were studied via calcium ion-exchange. Iron/palladium catalytic nanoparticles were immobilized in the polymer matrix in order to perform the challenging degradation of the environmental pollutant trichloroethylene (TCE). View Full-Text
Keywords: phase inversion; free radical polymerization; polyelectrolyte; water remediation phase inversion; free radical polymerization; polyelectrolyte; water remediation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Davenport, D.M.; Gui, M.; Ormsbee, L.R.; Bhattacharyya, D. Development of PVDF Membrane Nanocomposites via Various Functionalization Approaches for Environmental Applications. Polymers 2016, 8, 32.

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