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Polymers 2015, 7(10), 2146-2164; doi:10.3390/polym7101505

Effect of the Network Structure and Programming Temperature on the Shape-Memory Response of Thiol-Epoxy “Click” Systems

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Av. Països Catalans 26, 43007 Tarragona, Spain
2
Department of Analytical and Organic Chemistry, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, C/Marcel lí Domingo s/n, 43007 Tarragona, Spain
3
Thermodynamics Laboratory, ETSEIB, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Av. Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wei Min Huang
Received: 28 July 2015 / Revised: 29 September 2015 / Accepted: 21 October 2015 / Published: 26 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Shape-Memory Polymers)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4963 KB, uploaded 26 October 2015]   |  

Abstract

This paper presents a new methodology to develop “thiol-epoxy” shape-memory polymers (SMPs) with enhanced mechanical properties in a simple and efficient manner via “click” chemistry by using thermal latent initiators. The shape-memory response (SMR), defined by the mechanical capabilities of the SMP (high ultimate strength and strain), the shape-fixation and the recovery of the original shape (shape-recovery), was analyzed on thiol-epoxy systems by varying the network structure and programming temperature. The glass transition temperature (Tg) and crosslinking density were modified using 3- or 4- functional thiol curing agents and different amounts of a rigid triglycidyl isocyanurate compound. The relationship between the thermo-mechanical properties, network structure and the SMR was evidenced by means of qualitative and quantitative analysis. The influence of the programming temperature (Tprog) on the SMR was also analyzed in detail. The results demonstrate the possibility of tailoring SMPs with enhanced mechanical capabilities and excellent SMR, and intend to provide a better insight into the relationship between the network structure properties, programming temperature and the SMR of unconstrained (stress-free) systems; thus, making it easier to decide between different SMP and to define the operative parameters in the useful life. View Full-Text
Keywords: epoxy; thiol; shape-memory polymer; click chemistry epoxy; thiol; shape-memory polymer; click chemistry
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Belmonte, A.; Guzmán, D.; Fernández-Francos, X.; De la Flor, S. Effect of the Network Structure and Programming Temperature on the Shape-Memory Response of Thiol-Epoxy “Click” Systems. Polymers 2015, 7, 2146-2164.

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