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Polymers 2014, 6(5), 1544-1601; doi:10.3390/polym6051544
Review

Structures and Synthesis of Zwitterionic Polymers

1,2
Received: 16 April 2014; in revised form: 3 May 2014 / Accepted: 8 May 2014 / Published: 23 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polyelectrolytes 2014)
Abstract: The structures and synthesis of polyzwitterions (“polybetaines”) are reviewed, emphasizing the literature of the past decade. Particular attention is given to the general challenges faced, and to successful strategies to obtain polymers with a true balance of permanent cationic and anionic groups, thus resulting in an overall zero charge. Also, the progress due to applying new methodologies from general polymer synthesis, such as controlled polymerization methods or the use of “click” chemical reactions is presented. Furthermore, the emerging topic of responsive (“smart”) polyzwitterions is addressed. The considerations and critical discussions are illustrated by typical examples.
Keywords: review; polyzwitterion; polyampholyte; zwitterionic group; betaine; synthesis; monomer; polymerization; post-polymerization modification review; polyzwitterion; polyampholyte; zwitterionic group; betaine; synthesis; monomer; polymerization; post-polymerization modification
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Laschewsky, A. Structures and Synthesis of Zwitterionic Polymers. Polymers 2014, 6, 1544-1601.

AMA Style

Laschewsky A. Structures and Synthesis of Zwitterionic Polymers. Polymers. 2014; 6(5):1544-1601.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Laschewsky, André. 2014. "Structures and Synthesis of Zwitterionic Polymers." Polymers 6, no. 5: 1544-1601.


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