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Ring-Opening Polymerization—An Introductory Review
Polymers 2013, 5(3), 956-1011; doi:10.3390/polym5030956
Review

Design Strategies for Functionalized Poly(2-oxazoline)s and Derived Materials

1,2
,
1,2
 and
1,2,*
1 Polymer Competence Center Leoben GmbH, Roseggerstrasse 12, Leoben 8700, Austria 2 Institute for Chemistry and Technology of Materials, Graz University of Technology, Stremayrgasse 9/V, Graz 8010, Austria
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 June 2013 / Revised: 1 July 2013 / Accepted: 2 July 2013 / Published: 15 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ring-Opening Polymerization)
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Abstract

The polymer class of poly(2-oxazoline)s currently is under intensive investigation due to the versatile properties that can be tailor-made by the variation and manipulation of the functional groups they bear. In particular their utilization in the biomedic(in)al field is the subject of numerous studies. Given the mechanism of the cationic ring-opening polymerization, a plethora of synthetic strategies exists for the preparation of poly(2-oxazoline)s with dedicated functionality patterns, comprising among others the functionalization by telechelic end-groups, the incorporation of substituted monomers into (co)poly(2-oxazoline)s, and polymeranalogous reactions. This review summarizes the current state-of-the-art of poly(2-oxazoline) preparation and showcases prominent examples of poly(2-oxazoline)-based materials, which are retraced to the desktop-planned synthetic strategy and the variability of their properties for dedicated applications.
Keywords: poly(2-oxazoline)s; cationic ring-opening polymerization; telechelic end-group functionalization; polymeranalogous reactions poly(2-oxazoline)s; cationic ring-opening polymerization; telechelic end-group functionalization; polymeranalogous reactions
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Rossegger, E.; Schenk, V.; Wiesbrock, F. Design Strategies for Functionalized Poly(2-oxazoline)s and Derived Materials. Polymers 2013, 5, 956-1011.

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