Polymers 2013, 5(3), 1056-1067; doi:10.3390/polym5031056
Article

Preparation and Characterization of Poly(ethyl hydrazide) Grafted Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch for Removal of Ni(II) Ion in Aqueous Environment

1 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang UPM 43400, Selangor, Malaysia 2 Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang UPM 43400, Selangor, Malaysia 3 Chemistry Unit, Centre of Foundation Studies for Agricultural Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang UPM 43400, Selangor, Malaysia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 May 2013; Accepted: 2 July 2013 / Published: 25 July 2013
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Abstract: Poly(ethyl hydrazide) grafted oil palm empty fruit bunch (peh-g-opefb) fiber has been successfully prepared by heating poly(methylacrylate)-g-opefb at 60 °C for 4 h in a solution of hydrazine hydrate in ethanol. The chelating ability of peh-g-opefb was evaluated based on removal of Ni(II) ions in aqueous solution. Adsorption of Ni(II) by peh-g-opefb was characterized based on effect of pH, isotherm, kinetic and thermodynamic study. This cheap sorbent based on oil palm empty fruit bunch fiber has a great future potential in water treatment industries based on high adsorption capacity, biodegradability and renewability.
Keywords: nickel ions; oil palm empty fruit bunch; grafted polymer; sorbent

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MDPI and ACS Style

Johari, I.S.; Yusof, N.A.; Haron, M.J.; Nor, S.M.M. Preparation and Characterization of Poly(ethyl hydrazide) Grafted Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch for Removal of Ni(II) Ion in Aqueous Environment. Polymers 2013, 5, 1056-1067.

AMA Style

Johari IS, Yusof NA, Haron MJ, Nor SMM. Preparation and Characterization of Poly(ethyl hydrazide) Grafted Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch for Removal of Ni(II) Ion in Aqueous Environment. Polymers. 2013; 5(3):1056-1067.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Johari, Ili S.; Yusof, Nor A.; Haron, Md J.; Nor, Siti M.M. 2013. "Preparation and Characterization of Poly(ethyl hydrazide) Grafted Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch for Removal of Ni(II) Ion in Aqueous Environment." Polymers 5, no. 3: 1056-1067.

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